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Xi'an

Xian
Administration
Full nameXi'an
Official name西安市
Native name西安
Other nameChang'an · 长安
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShaanxi
Government
CPC Xi'anSun Qingyun (孙清云)
MayorChen Baogen (陈宝根)
Geography
Total Area3853.4 sq mi (9983 km2)
Urban Area318.8 sq mi (826 km2)
Elevation1328.7 ft (405 m)
Demography
Total Population8467837 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)3340000
Other information
Time zoneCST (UTC+8)
Postal code710000 - 710090
Area code+86/29
GDP(2008)
- Total¥ 219 billion
- Per capita¥26,259
License plate prefixes陕A
City flowerPomegranate flower
City treePagoda tree

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Xi'an ( ) is the capital of the Shaanxi province, and a sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China. One of the oldest cities in China, with more than 3,100 years of history, the city was known as Chang'an before the Ming Dynasty. Xi'an is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, having held that position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history, including Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui, and Tang. Xi'an is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army.

Since the 1990s, as part of the economic revival of interior China especially for the central and northwest regions, the city of Xi'an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and China's space exploration program.

It's now one the most populous metropolitan area in inland China with more than 7 million inhabitants, including urban parts of Xianyang (Weicheng and Xindu districts).


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