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Full nameShenzhen
Official name深圳市
Native name 
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions6
SEZ formed1 May 1980
TypeSub-provincial city
Total Area791.3 sq mi (2050 km2)
Urban Area159 sq mi (412 km2)
Elevation40 ft (12.2 m)
Total Population10357938 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)3538275
Major nationalitiesHan
Other information
Time zoneChina Standard Time (UTC+8)
Area code755
- TotalCNY 951 billion
US$ 146 billion
- per capitaCNY 95,000
USD 14,615
- Growth(+) 10.7%
Licence plate prefixes粤B

     Home | City | Shenzhen

Shenzhen (-cmnʂə́ntʂə̂nIPA) is a major city in the south of Southern China's Guangdong Province, situated immediately north of Hong Kong. The area became China's first-and one of the most successful-Special Economic Zones (SEZs). It currently also holds sub-provincial administrative status, with powers slightly less than a province.

Shenzhen's novel and modern cityscape is the result of the vibrant economy made possible by rapid foreign investment since the institution of the policy of "reform and opening" establishment of the SEZ in the late 1970s. Before this, Shenzhen was a small village. Both Chinese and foreign nationals have invested enormous sums in the Shenzhen SEZ. More than US$30 billion in foreign investment has gone into both foreign-owned and joint ventures, at first mainly in manufacturing but more recently in the service industries as well. Shenzhen is now reputedly one of the fastest-growing cities in the world.

Being southern mainland China's major financial centre, Shenzhen is home to the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as well as the headquarters of numerous high-tech companies. Shenzhen is also the third-busiest container port in China, after Shanghai and Hong Kong.

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