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Chengdu

Chengdu
Administration
Full nameChengdu
Official name成都市
Native name成都
Settlement typeSub-provincial city
Motto和谐包容,智慧诚信,务实创新 (Harmony and Tolerance, Wisdom and Integrity, Truth-seeking and Innovation)
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceSichuan
Established311 BC
Government
City seatQingyang District
TypeSub-provincial city
CPC Party ChiefLi Chuncheng (李春城)
MayorGe Honglin (葛红林)
Geography
Total Area4683 sq mi (12132 km2)
Urban Area821.8 sq mi (2129 km2)
Metro Area624.2 sq mi (1617 km2)
Elevation1640.4 ft (500 m)
Demography
Total Population14047625 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)7123697
Metro (pop.)6730749
Major NationalitiesHan
Other information
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code610000-611944
Area code28
GDP (nominal) Total (2010)¥ 555.13 billion (US$82.119 billion)
GDP (nominal) Per Capita (2010)¥ 43,417 (US$6,442)
License Plate Prefix川A 川O (Government)

Chengdu

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Chengdu ( ; Sichuanese: Cen2du1; pinyin: Chéngdū), formerly transliterated Chengtu, is the capital of Sichuan province in Southwest China. It holds sub-provincial administrative status. The urban area houses 14,047,625 inhabitants (2010 census): 7,123,697 within the municipality's nine districts and 6,730,749 in the surrounding region.

Chengdu is one of the most important economic, transportation, and communication centers in Western China. According to the 2007 Public Appraisal for Best Chinese Cities for Investment, Chengdu was chosen as one of the top ten cities to invest in out of a total of 280 urban centers in China. It was recently named China's 4th-most livable city by China Daily.

The fertile Chengdu Plain, on which Chengdu is located, is also known as the "Country of Heaven" ( , Tiānfǔzhiguó), a phrase also often translated as "The Land of Abundance". The discovery of the Jinsha site suggests the area of Chengdu had become the center of the bronze age Sanxingdui culture around the time of the establishment of the state of Shu, prior to its annexation by Qin in 316 BC.


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