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Indian Railways

Indian Railways
Company nameIndian Railways
Company typeDepartmental Undertaking of The Ministry of Railways, Government of India
Slogan"lifeline of the nation"
IndustryRail transport
Founded16 April 1857
HeadquartersNew Delhi, Delhi, India
Area servedIndia
ProductsRail transport, Cargo transport, Services, more...
Revenue98000 Crore (2010-11)
Net income9595 Crore (2009-10)
Owner(s)Republic of India (100%)
Employees1,361,519 (2010)
Divisions17 Railway Zones

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Indian Railways ( Bhāratīya Rail), abbreviated as IR ( ), is a departmental undertaking of Government of India, which owns and operates most of India's rail transport. It is overseen by the Ministry of Railways of the Government of India.

Indian Railways has 114500 km (71147 mi). of total track over a route of 65000 km (40389.1 mi)

and 7,500 stations. It has the world's fourth largest railway network after those of the United States, Russia and China. The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country and carry over 30 million passengers and 2.8 million tons of freight daily.

It is the world's second largest commercial or utility employer, with more than 1.36 million employees As for rolling stock, IR owns over 240,000 (freight) wagons, 60,000 coaches and 9,000 locomotives.

Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalised as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems on a multi-gauge network of broad, metre and narrow gauges. It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities.

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