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Gorakhpur

Administration
Native ameGorakhpur
Typecity
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictGorakhpur
Geography
Total Area1344.7 sq mi (3483.8 km2)
Demography
Total Population3769456 (2001)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode2730XX
Telephone91-551
VehicleUP53

     Home | City | Gorakhpur



Gorakhpur ( , ) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division. Gorakhpur is famous as a religious centre: the city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain and Sikh saints and is named after the medieval saint Gorakshanath. Gorakhnath Temple is still the seat of the Nath sect. It is also the birthplace of Paramhansa Yogananda, Chandragupta Maurya. The city is also home to many historic Buddhist sites, Imambara, an 18th century dargah, and the Gita Press, a publisher of Hindu religious texts.

In the 20th century, Gorakhpur was a focal point in the Indian independence movement. Today, the city is also a business centre, hosting the headquarters of the North Eastern Railways, previously known as Bengal Nagpur Railways, and an industrial area, GIDA (Gorakhpur Industrial Development Authority) 15 km from the old town.


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