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Howrah

Administration
Native ameHowrah
Typecity
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHowrah district
Government
MayorMamta Jaiswal
Parliamentary constituencyHowrah
Assembly constituencyHowrah Uttar, Howrah Madhya, Howrah Dakshin, Shibpur
Geography
Total Area566.3 sq mi (1467 km2)
Altitude12 m
Demography
Total Population4841638 (2011)
Density (pop.)3300/km2 (8547/sq mi)
Official languagesBengali, English
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode711 101
Telephone91 (33)

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Howrah or Haora ( ) is an industrial city, a municipal corporation in the Howrah district, West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of the district, and also the headquarters of Howrah Sadar subdivision of the district. Located on the west bank of the Hoogli River, it is a twin city of Kolkata. Howrah is the second small district after kolkata. The two cities are connected by the four bridges on river Ganges, named Howrah Bridge (also known as Rabindra Setu), the Vidyasagar Setu (also known as the second Hooghly Bridge), the Vivekananda Setu (also known as Bally Bridge), the Nivedita Setu (also known as Second Vivekananda Setu and ferry services between various jetties in the two cities.

Howrah Station serves as a terminal for two railway zones of India: the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway. There are six other railway stations with the city, including the railway junction at Santragachhi and the terminal at Shalimar Station—all the six are part of the South Eastern Railway network. Two national highways—NH 2 and NH 6—are connected to Vidyasagar Setu via Kona Expressway. One endpoint of the Grand Trunk Road is at the Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden here, where the Great Banyan tree stands. Bengal Engineering & Science University, over 150 years old, is the prestigious engineering university located in the city.


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