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Nagpur

Administration
Native ameNagpur (नागपूर)
NicknameOrange city
TypeMetropolitan City
RegionVidarbha
StateMaharashtra
DistrictNagpur
Established date1702 A.D
Government
MayorArchana Dehankar
Municipal CommissionerSanjeev Jaiswal
Police CommissionerAnkush Dhanvijay
Geography
Total Area84.1 sq mi (218 km2)
Metro Area586.7 sq mi (1520 km2)
Altitude310 m
Demography
Total Population4653171 (2011)
Density (pop.)10964/km2 (28396.8/sq mi)
Official languagesMarathi
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode440xxx
Telephone91-712
VehicleMH-31 (Nagpur Urban),
* MH-40 (Nagpur Rural)

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Nāgpur ( is a city and winter capital of the state of Maharashtra, the largest city in central India and third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune. With a population of 4,653,171 (2011), Nagpur UA is the 13th largest urban conglomeration in India, In addition to being the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra state assembly "Vidhan Sabha", Nagpur is also a major commercial and political center of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, and is also famous throughout the country as "Orange City" for being a major trade center of oranges that are cultivated in the region. In addition, the city also derives political importance from being the headquarters for the Hindu nationalist organisation RSS and an important location for the Dalit Buddhist movement.

Nagpur lies precisely at the center of the country with the Zero Mile Marker indicating the geographical center of India. The city was founded by the Gonds but later became part of the Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. The British East India Company took over Nagpur in the 19th century and made it the capital of the Central Provinces and Berar. After the first reorganization of states, the city lost its capital status but according to the informal "Nagpur Pact" between political leaders it was made the second capital of Maharashtra.


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