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Bhubaneswar

Administration
Native ameBhubanēsbara
NicknameTemple City of India
TypeCapital
StateOrissa
DistrictKhordha
Government
MayorShri. Anant Narayan Jena
Geography
Total Area161.7 sq mi (419 km2)
Altitude45 m
Demography
Total Population881988 (54) (2011)
Density (pop.)4900/km2 (12691/sq mi)
Metro Population1900000 (2008)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode751 0xx
Telephone0674
VehicleOR-02

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Bhubaneswar ( Bhubanēsbara ; also Bhuvaneshwara) is the capital of the Indian state of Orissa. The city has a long history of over 2000 years starting with Chedi dynasty (around 2nd century BCE) who had Sisupalgarh near present-day Bhubaneswar as their capital. Historically Bhubaneswar has been known by different names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari "city of temples" otherwise known as the temple city of India. The largest city of Orissa, Bhubaneswar today is a center of economic and religious importance in the region.

Bhubaneswar's proud possession of magnificent sculptures and architectural heritage, coupled with the sanctity as Ekamrakshetra make this one of the great religious centres of Orissa since early medieval days. With its large number of Hindu temples (over 600 in number), which span the entire spectrum of Kalinga architecture, Bhubaneswar is often referred to as a "Temple City" of India. Together with Puri and Konark and, Bhubaneswar forms the Swarna Tribhuja "Golden Triangle", one of the most visited destinations in East India.

The modern city of Bhubaneswar was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Like Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it is one of the first planned cities of modern India. With the Chandaka reserve forest on the fringes, the city, with an abundance of in-city greenery and an efficient civic body (the BMC), has become one of the cleanest and greenest cities of India.

Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the political capital of the state of Orissa in 1948, a year after India gained its independence from Britain. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often commonly together known as the "twin cities" of Orissa. The metropolitan area formed by the twin cities has a 2011 population of 1.4 millionhaṭa]


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