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Native ameRanchi
Other nameराँची
Altitude729 m
Total Population2912022 (2011)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)

     Home | City | Ranchi

Ranchi ( , , ) is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Jharkhand accounts for 40% of the mineral resources of India,Earlier most of the part in Jharkhand was covered by forest but now due to urbanization tress are cut and forest cover is depleting fast. . Ranchi accounts for 50% mineral production of the state , nearing about 18% of nation's mineral production . For this reason Ranchi is also called the Manchester of the East . Ranchi was the centre of the Jharkhand movement for a separate state for the tribal regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, Western West Bengal and the present eastern Chhattisgarh. Jharkhand State was formed on 15 November 2000 by carving the Bihar divisions of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Parganas.

The name Ranchi comes from the original Oraon village Archi at the site. Archi derives from the Oraon word for bamboo grove or stave. According to legend, after an altercation with a spirit, a farmer beat the spirit with his bamboo stave or archi. The spirit shouted archi, archi, archi and vanished; Archi became Rachi, and Rachi became Ranchi. Up to 1927, the place was known as Rachi . One historically significant neighborhood is Doranda ('duran' 'दुरङ' means song and 'daah' 'दअः' means water in the Mundari language), between the Hinoo (Bhusur) & Harmoo Rivers, where the civil station, treasury and church established by the British Raj were destroyed by rebel forces during the Sepoy Mutiny. The present Purani (old) Ranchi marks the site of the old village of Archi.

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