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Thiruvananthapuram

Administration
Native ameThiruvananthapuram
(തിരുവനന്തപുരം)
Other nameTrivandrum
TypeCapital
StateKerala
DistrictThiruvananthapuram
Government
MayorAdv. K. Chandrika
Planning AgencyTRIDA
Civic agencyThiruvananthapuram Corporation
Geography
Total Area82.9 sq mi (214.86 km2)
Metro Area96.5 sq mi (250.00 km2)
Altitude10 m
Demography
Total Population957730 (2011)
Density (pop.)4454/km2 (11535.9/sq mi)
Metro Population1067861 (42nd) (2010)
Official languagesMalayalam  English
Spoken languagesMalayalam  English
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode695 xxx
Telephone91 (0)471
VehicleKL-01, KL-22, KL-15 (for K.S.R.T.C)

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Thiruvananthapuram ( , -mlt̪iruʋənɨn̪t̪əpurəmIPAThiruvananthapuram-pronunciation, formerly known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. Referred to by Mahatma Gandhi as the "Evergreen city of India", the city is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys. With nearly 10,00,000(one million) inhabitants per the 2011 census, it is the largest, and most populous city in Kerala; the wider urban agglomeration has a population of more than 1 million. It is an IT hub of the state with over 80% of the state's software exports.

The city houses many central and state government offices and organizations. Apart from being the political nerve centre of Kerala, it is also a major academic hub and is home to several educational institutions including the University of Kerala, and to many science and technology institutions, the most prominent being the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Technopark, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), the Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, Kerala,Indian Institute of Molecular Materials, Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER), and the Centre for Development Studies. It is also considered as one among the 10 greenest cities in India.


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