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Dhanbad

Administration
Native ameDhanbad
Typecity
StateJharkhand
DistrictDhanbad
Geography
Total Area792.1 sq mi (2052 km2)
Altitude222 m
Demography
Total Population2682662 (2011)
Density (pop.)1284/km2 (3325.6/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode826001
Telephone91326-XXXX XXXX
VehicleJH-10

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Dhanbad ( , ), is a city in the state of Jharkhand, and is also known as the 'Coal Capital of India'. Dhanbad is the 79th fastest growing city in world. According to the 2011 census, Dhanbad is among the 35 cities of India with a population of more than one million. Among the Rail Divisions of Indian Railway, Dhanbad Rail Division is the second largest in terms of revenue generation after Mumbai division.

Dhanbad is famous for coal mining. Tata Steel, BCCL, ECL and IISCO are some of the companies having coal mines in the district. Coal-mining, coal washing, and coke making are the main coal related industries in the city. IISCO (Indian Iron And Steel Company) is now owned by SAIL, while BCCL and Eastern Coalfields Limited are subsidiaries of Coal India Limited (CIL); these two companies are the largest operators of coal mines in Dhanbad, and have open cast mines as well as underground mines, whereas Tata Steel has mostly underground mines. These companies have developed townships for their employees.


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