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Native ameTiruchirappalli (தி௫ச்சிராப்பள்ளி)
Other nameTiruchi (தி௫ச்சி), Trichy
RegionChola Nadu
StateTamil Nadu
MayorS. Sujatha
Total Area56.6 sq mi (146.70 km2)
Altitude88 m
Total Population752066 (47th)
Metro Population866354 (2001)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode620 xxx
VehicleTN 45 and TN 48

     Home | City | Tiruchchirappalli

Tiruchirappalli ( (tiruccirāppaḷḷi) ) (spelt as Trichinopoly in the records of British India), also called Tiruchi or Trichy ( ), is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the administrative headquarters of Tiruchirapalli District. It is the fourth largest municipal corporation in Tamil Nadu and also the fourth largest urban agglomeration in the state. Situated at a distance of 325 km (201.9 mi) south of Chennai and 402 km (249.8 mi) north of Kanyakumari on the National Highway NH 45, it is located almost at the geographic centre of the state.

Tiruchirappalli is believed to have been named after the three-headed demon Trishira of Hindu mythology who is believed to have indulged in penance and obtained favours at this place. The city is believed to be of significant antiquity and has been ruled by the Early Cholas, Early Pandyas, Pallavas, Medieval Cholas, Later Cholas, Later Pandyas, Delhi Sultanate, Ma'bar Sultanate, Vijayanagar Empire, Nayak Dynasty, the Carnatic state and the British at different times. The archaeologically important town of Uraiyur which served as the capital of the Early Cholas is a suburb of Tiruchirappalli. Tiruchirappalli has a number of historical monuments, the Rockfort, Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam and the Jambukeswarar temple at Thiruvanaikaval being the most prominent among them.

Tiruchirappalli is an important industrial and educational hub of central Tamil Nadu. The factories of Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Heavy Alloy Penetrator Project and Golden Rock Railway Workshops are located in Tiruchirappalli. The National Institutes of Technology (NIT), Indian Institute of Management, Bharathidasan University and Anna University of Technology have their campuses in the city.

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