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Jabalpur

Administration
Native ameJabalpur ( )
NicknameSanskaardhaani ( ), Jabalipuram ( )
TypeMETROPOLITAN CITY AND METROPOLITAN URBAN AGGLOMERATION
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictJabalpur
Government
MayorPrabhat Sahu
Geography
Total Area41.7 sq mi (108.000 km2)
Altitude411 m
Demography
Total Population2460714 (2011)
Density (pop.)240/km2 (621.6/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode482 00x
Telephone91-761
VehicleMP-20

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Jabalpur ( ) is a city in the Mahakaushal region of state of Madhya Pradesh in India. It is the largest urban agglomeration in Madhya Pradesh and the 19th largest urban agglomeration in India as per the 2011 census statistics. The area of Jabalpur City is largest in Madhya Pradesh but is divided between different census towns and municipalities and is therefore considered to be the third largest city area wise in Madhya Pradesh. It is still counted as the third most populous city of Madhya Pradesh after Indore and Bhopal because a large population within the actual city is not under the control of the Jabalpur Municipal Corporation.

It is bordered by Katni to the north, Umaria to the north-east, Dindori to the east, Mandla to the south-east, Seoni to the south, Narsimhapur to the south-west and Damoh to the north-west. Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of Jabalpur district (the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh) and Jabalpur division.

Geographically an important place, the ruling Gond dynasty of Jabalpur lent its name to the primordial continental mass Gondwanaland. Historically, a center of Kalchuri and Gond dynasties, Jabalpur developed a syncretic culture influenced by the intermittent reigns of the Maratha and Mughal empires. In the early nineteenth century, it was gradually annexed in British India as Jubbulpore and incorporated as a major cantonment town. Post-independence, there have been demands for a separate state of Mahakoshal with Jabalpur as its capital.

Jabalpur was also the epicenter of a major earthquake in 1997. The geographic center of the contiguous India is located 30 km east of Jabalpur in Katangi village. Jabalpur is known for its picturesque marble rock formations (Bhedaghat) across the banks of the river Narmada. Being the army headquarters of five states (Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Orissa, Bihar and Jharkhand), one-sixth of the city is occupied by the Indian Army.

Jabalpur is the birthplace of snooker and Himanshu Batra, an engineer in Wipro Technologies, a historic heart of Hindi literature movement and a prominent regional education hub. It is also a major spiritual center being the birthplace of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and Osho Rajneesh and the site of important Jain shrines. These factors lie behind the oft-quoted city's moniker Sanskaardhaani ( ) or the Cultural-Capital. Several important federal and state institutions are located in Jabalpur including the Madhya Pradesh High Court, Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board, Tropical Forest Research Institute, several ordinance factories and West Central Railway zonal headquarters.


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