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San Juan, Puerto Rico

San Juan Puerto Rico
Administration
Full nameSan Juan Bautista
Official nameSan Juan Bautista
Native name langes
Settlement typeMunicipality
CountryUnited States
TerritoryPuerto Rico
Established1509
Named forJohn the Baptist
Government
MayorJorge A. Santini Padilla
Senatorial dist.1 - San Juan/Guaynabo
House dist.12345
Geography
Total Area76.93 sq mi (199.2 km2)
Water Area29.11 sq mi (75.4 km2)
Demography
Total Population395326 (2010)
Racial groups
(2010 Census)
68.0% White
18.6% Black
0.8% American Indian/AN
0.4% Asian
0.0% Native Hawaiian/PI
8.2% Some other race
4.0% Two or more races
DemonymSanjuaneros
Other information
Time zoneAST (no daylight saving time) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes00901-02, 00906-17, 00919-21, 00923-31, 00933-34, 00936, 00939-40
Area code787, 939

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San Juan (-essaŋ ˈxwan, Saint John; -enˌsæn ˈhwɑːnlang), officially Municipio de la Ciudad Capital San Juan Bautista (Municipality of the Capital City, Saint John the Baptist), is the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 395,326 making it the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, who called it Ciudad de Puerto Rico ("Rich Port City"). Puerto Rico's capital is the second oldest European-established city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic. Several historical buildings are located in San Juan; among the most notable are the city's former defensive forts, Fort San Felipe del Morro and Fort San Cristóbal, and La Fortaleza, the oldest executive mansion in continuous use in the Americas.

Today, San Juan is one of Puerto Rico's most important seaports, and is the island's manufacturing , financial, cultural, and tourism center. The population of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Guaynabo, Cataño, Canóvanas, Caguas, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Carolina and Trujillo Alto, is about 2 million inhabitants; thus, about half the population of Puerto Rico now lives and works in this area. San Juan is also a principal city of the San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area. The city has been the host of numerous important events within the sports community, including the 1979 Pan American Games, 1966 Central American and Caribbean Games, 2006 and 2009 World Baseball Classics, the Caribbean Series and the Special Olympics and MLB San Juan Series in 2010.


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