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Full nameToronto
Official nameCity of Toronto
Settlement typeCity
MottoDiversity Our Strength
DistrictsEast York, Etobicoke, North York, Old Toronto, Scarborough, York
EstablishedAugust 27, 1793 (as York)
IncorporatedMarch 6, 1834 (as Toronto)
AmalgamatedJanuary 1, 1998 (from Metropolitan Toronto)
MayorRob Ford
CouncilToronto City Council
MPsList of MPs
Mark Adler
Carolyn Bennett
John Carmichael
Andrew Cash
Corneliu Chisu
Olivia Chow
Joe Daniel
Kirsty Duncan
Dan Harris
Roxanne James
Jim Karygiannis
Matthew Kellway
Jack Layton
Chungsen Leung
John McKay
Peggy Nash
Joe Oliver
Ted Opitz
Bob Rae
Judy Sgro
Rathika Sitsabaiesan
Mike Sullivan
Bernard Trottier
MPPsList of MPPs
Laura Albanese
Bas Balkissoon
Lorenzo Berardinetti
Margarett Best
Laurel Broten
Donna Cansfield
David Caplan
Mike Colle
Cheri DiNovo
Brad Duguid
Eric Hoskins
Monte Kwinter
Rosario Marchese
Glen Murray
Gerry Phillips
Michael Prue
Shafiq Qaadri
Tony Ruprecht
Mario Sergio
Peter Tabuns
Kathleen Wynne
David Zimmer
Total Area243.2 sq mi (630 km2)
Urban Area675.1 sq mi (1749 km2)
Metro Area2750.3 sq mi (7125 km2)
Elevation249.3 ft (76 m)
Total Population2,503,281 (1st) (2006)
Density (pop.)3972/km2 (10287.5/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)4,753,120 (1st)
Metro (pop.)5,113,149 (1st)
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code spanM
Area code416, 647
NTS Map030M11

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Toronto (c-entəˈrɒntoʊ, colloquially /ˈtrɒnoʊ/) is the provincial capital of Ontario and the largest city in Canada. It is located in Southern Ontario on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario. A relatively modern city, Toronto's history dates back to the late-18th century, when its land was first purchased by the British monarchy from the Mississaugas of the New Credit. The settlement was later established as the Town of York and proclaimed as the new capital of Upper Canada by its lieutenant-governor, John Graves Simcoe. In 1834, York was incorporated as a city and renamed to its present name. The city was ransacked in the Battle of York during the War of 1812, and damaged in two great fires: in 1849 and in 1904. Since its incorporation, Toronto has repeatedly expanded its borders through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities, most recently in 1998.

With over 2.5 million residents, it is the fifth most populous city in North America. Its metropolitan area with over 5 million residents is the seventh largest urban region in North America. Toronto is at the heart of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), and is part of a densely populated region in Southern Ontario known as the Golden Horseshoe, which is home to over 8.1 million residents-approximately 25% of Canada's population. The census metropolitan area (CMA) had a population of 5,113,149, and the Greater Toronto Area had a population of 5,555,912 in the 2006 Census. Its cosmopolitan and international population reflects its role as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Toronto is one of the world's most diverse cities by percentage of non-native-born residents, with about 49% of the population born outside Canada.

As Canada's economic capital and one of the top financial centres in the world, Toronto is considered an alpha world city by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) study group. It is home to the Toronto Stock Exchange, the world's seventh largest in terms of market value. Toronto contains more corporate headquarters than any other Canadian city, including those of Canada's five largest banks. Toronto's leading economic sectors include finance, business services, telecommunications, aerospace, transportation, media, arts, film, music, television production, publishing, software production, medical research, education, tourism, engineering, and sports industries.

According to Forbes, Toronto is the tenth-most economically powerful city in the world and one of the fastest growing among the G7 nations, whilst PwC ranks the city as the world's second-best "metro powerhouse". Toronto was ranked twelfth in the world and fourth in the Americas in 2010 for economic innovation by 2thinknow. Toronto is also consistently rated as one of the world's most livable cities by the Economist Intelligence Unit and the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. The cost of living in Toronto was ranked highest in Canada .

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