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Full nameCaracas
Official nameSantiago de León de Caracas
Settlement typeCity
MottoAve María Purísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural
CountryVenezuela Venezuela
StateVenezuelan Capital District
Founded25 July 1567
Diego de Losada
BodyGovernment of the Capital District / Mayorship of the Metropolitan District
Chief of Government / MayorJacqueline Faría / Antonio Ledezma
Metro Area745 sq mi (1930 km2)
Elevation2952.8 ft (900 m)
Total Population1815679 (2009)
Density (pop.)1431.5/km2 (3707.6/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)4196514
Demonymcaraqueño (m), caraqueña (f)
Other information
Time zoneVST (UTC-04:30)
- Summer (DST)not observed (UTC-04:30)
Postal coded1010-A
Area code212
ISO 3166 codeVE-A

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Caracas (-eskaˈɾakas), officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela; natives or residents are known as Caraquenians in English (and 'Caraqueños' in Spanish). It is located in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range (Cordillera de la Costa). Terrain suitable for building lies between 760 and 910 m above sea level. The valley is close to the Caribbean Sea, separated from the coast by a steep 2200 m (7400 ft) high mountain range, Cerro Ávila; to the south there are more hills and mountains.

El Distrito Metropolitano de Caracas (Metropolitan District of Caracas) includes the Distrito Capital (the capital city proper) and four other municipalities in Miranda State including Chacao, Baruta, Sucre, and El Hatillo. The Distrito Capital had a population of 2,097,350 as of 2009, while that of Distrito Metropolitano was estimated at 4,196,514 as of (2008).

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