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Puerto Rico

General information
Common namePuerto Rico
Local name 
AnthemLa Borinqueña
CapitalSan Juan
Largest citySan Juan
Official languagesSpanish and English
Ethnic groupsWhite (mostly Spanish origin) 75.8%, Black 12.4%, Asian 0.2%, Amerindian 0.5%, SOR 7.8%, other 3.3% (2010)
DemonymPuerto Rican
GovernmentRepublic, three-branch government
PresidentBarack Obama (D)
GovernorLuis Fortuño (PNP/R)
Federal legislative branchUnited States Congress
SovereigntySovereignty (United StatesUnited States)
CessionDecember 10, 1898
from Kingdom of Spain
AutonomyNovember 25, 1897 Supreme Authority and Sovereignty was retained by the Kingdom of Spain.
Total Area3515 sq mi (9103.9 km2) (169th)
Water %1.6
Population census3725789 (2010)
Density (pop.)429.6/km2 (21st in the world; 2nd in U.S.) (1113/sq mi)
GDP PPP$77.4 billion (2007) (N/A)
GDP (PPP) per capita$19,600 (N/A)
GDP (nominal)$96.26 billion (2010) (N/A)
GDP (nominal) per capita$24,229 (N/A)
Other information
Gini53.5 (2006) (?th)
HDI0.894 (n/a) (High) (Not ranked)
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
Time zoneAST (UTC� 4)
- Summer (DST)No DST (UTC� 4)
Drives on theright
Calling code+1 (spec. +1-787 and +1-939)

     Home | Country | Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico (c-enˌpɔrtə_ˈriːkoʊ or c-enˌpwɛərtə_ˈriːkoʊ), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico ( , -esesˈtaðo ˈlibɾe asoˈsjaðo ðe ˈpweɾto ˈriko-literally Associated Free State of Puerto Rico), is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.

Puerto Rico (Spanish for "rich port") comprises an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands, the largest of which are Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest by land area of the Greater Antilles. It, however, ranks third in population among that group of four islands, which also include Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. Due to its location, Puerto Rico enjoys a tropical climate and also experiences the Atlantic hurricane season.

Originally populated for centuries by indigenous aboriginal peoples known as Taínos, the island was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain during his second voyage to the Americas on November 19, 1493. Under Spanish rule, the island was colonized and the indigenous population was forced into slavery and nearly wiped out due to, among other things, European infectious diseases. The remaining population was emancipated by King Carlos I in 1520. Spain possessed Puerto Rico for over 400 years, despite attempts at capture of the island by France, the Netherlands, and England.

The relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States has its origins dating back to the Spanish-American War, in which Spain, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898, ceded the island to the United States. Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens and the United States Congress legislates many aspects of Puerto Rican life. However, the islanders may not vote in U.S. presidential elections. Since 1947, Puerto Ricans have been able to elect their own governor. Its official languages are Spanish and English, with Spanish being the primary language. The island's current political status, including the possibility of statehood or independence, is widely debated in Puerto Rico.

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