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Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic
General information
Common nameDominican Republic
Local name 
Name 
Motto"Dios, Patria, Libertad" 
 
"God, Fatherland, Liberty"
Anthem

Himno Nacional
"National Anthem"
CapitalSanto Domingo
Largest citycapital
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups73% Multiracial, 16% White, 11% Black
DemonymDominican
Government
GovernmentUnitary and Democratic Republic or Representative Democracy
PresidentLeonel Fernández
Vice PresidentRafael Alburquerque
IndependenceIndependence (From Spain:)
DateDecember 1, 1821
DateFrom Haiti:
February 27, 1844
DateFrom Spain:
August 16, 1865
Geography
Total Area18698.6 sq mi (48442 km2) (130th)
Water %0.7
Demography
Population census9378818 (2010)
Density (pop.)193.6/km2 (?) (501.5/sq mi)
Economy
GDP PPP$93.055 billion (2011)
GDP (PPP) per capita$9,922
GDP (nominal)$54.912 billion (2011)
GDP (nominal) per capita$5,855
Other information
Gini49.9 (2005) (high)
HDI(-) 0.663 (2010) (medium) (88th)
CurrencyPeso (DOP)
Time zoneAtlantic (UTC-4)
Drives on theright
Internet TLD.do
Calling code+1-809, +1-829, +1-849

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The Dominican Republic (c-enaudio=En-us-Dominican Republic is a nation on the island of La Hispaniola, part of the Greater Antilles archipelago in the Caribbean region. The western third of the island is occupied by the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands that are shared by two countries. Both by area and population, the Dominican Republic is the second largest Caribbean nation (after Cuba), with 48442 km2 (48442000000 m2) and an estimated 10 million people.

Taínos inhabited what is now the Dominican Republic since the 7th century. Christopher Columbus landed on it in 1492, and it became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, namely Santo Domingo, the country's capital and Spain's first capital in the New World. Santo Domingo can boast of many firsts in the Americas, including the first university, cathedral, and castle, the latter two in the Ciudad Colonial area, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

After three centuries of Spanish rule, with French and Haitian interludes, the country became independent in 1821 under the rule of a former colonial judge who maintained the system of slavery and limited rights for the mostly mulatto and black population (See Franklin Franco's work). The ruler, José Núñez de Cáceres, intended that the Dominican Republic be part of the Gran Colombia nation, but he was quickly removed by the Haitian government and "dominican" slave revolts. Victorious in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844, Dominicans experienced mostly internal strife, and also a brief return to Spanish rule, over the next 72 years. The United States occupation of 1916 1924, and a subsequent, calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vásquez Lajara, were followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina until 1961. The civil war of 1965, the country's last, was ended by a U.S.-led intervention, and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaquín Balaguer, 1966 1978. Since then, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy, and has been led by Leonel Fernández for most of the time after 1996.

The Dominican Republic has the second largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Though long known for sugar production, the economy is now dominated by services. The country's economic progress is exemplified by its advanced telecommunication system. Nevertheless, unemployment, government corruption, and inconsistent electric service remain major Dominican problems. The country also has "marked income inequality".

International migration affects the Dominican Republic greatly, as it receives and sends large flows of migrants. Haitian immigration and the integration of Dominicans of Haitian descent are major issues; the total population of Haitian origin is estimated at 800,000. A large Dominican diaspora exists, most of it in the United States, where it numbers 1.3 million. They aid national development as they send billions of dollars to their families, accounting for one-tenth of the Dominican GDP.

The Dominican Republic has become the Caribbean's largest tourist destination; the country's year-round golf courses are among the top attractions. In this mountainous land is located the Caribbean's highest mountain, Pico Duarte, as is Lake Enriquillo, the Caribbean's largest lake and lowest elevation. Quisqueya, as Dominicans often call their country, has an average temperature of 26 C (104.4 F) and great biological diversity.

Music and sport are of the highest importance in Dominican culture, with merengue as the national dance and song and baseball the favorite sport.

Dominican Republic Video

This is one big spider, but very gentle and light I can now see why people have tarantulas as pets. #1 - Most Viewed (All Time) - Pets & Animals - Canada #11...
0.65 min. | 4.07 user rating
http://FuegoMusica.com Facebook: http://Facebook.com/FuegoMusica Twitter: http://Twitter.com/FuegoFBM Instagram http://Instagram.com/FuegoFBM Video oficial "...
4.58 min. | 4.79 user rating
Download/Descarga "Que buena tu ta Ft. Deevani" on iTunes now! http://itunes.apple.com/WebObjects/MZStore.woa/wa/viewAlbum?id=335450433&s=143441 Produced by ...
5.05 min. | 4.83 user rating
Download the single on iTunes: http://bit.ly/HellaDecale_Extd || Remixed by Mounir Belkhir || VERSION BACHATA "FIESTA BUENA" Album available: http://bit.ly/F...
3.70 min. | 4.81 user rating
El nuevo vídeo de Poeta Callejero "Esperando Por Ti". Suscríbete a Sunflower Ent. para más música latina: http://smarturl.it/SubSunflowerEnt Geraldo Gabriel ...
4.15 min. | 4.92 user rating
Fuego ft. Omega "Super Estrella" Produced by Chosen Few Video Directed by Griz Filmz Intro Directed by Ramon "Ray Cuts" Cruz Guest Appearances by DJ Alex Sen...
4.75 min. | 4.78 user rating
Un Loco Como Yo por el leyende Poeta Callejero - el Official Vídeo. Suscríbete a Sunflower Entertainment para más música latina: http://smarturl.it/SubSunflo...
3.82 min. | 4.88 user rating
Met this guy in the Dominican Republic, the keeper said he wanted to play! More like eat me.
0.40 min. | 4.51 user rating
http://FuegoMusica.com Facebook: http://Facebook.com/FuegoMusica Twitter: http://Twitter.com/FuegoFBM Instagram http://Instagram.com/FuegoFBM.
5.05 min. | 4.89 user rating
"El Sol y la Playa" vídeo oficial de Monkey Black. Suscríbete a Sunflower Entertainment para más música latina: http://smarturl.it/SubSunflowerEnt Si te gust...
4.33 min. | 4.77 user rating

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Lawmen in the Dominican Republic Abandoning the Law, Helping Cartels - Hispanically Speaking News Tweet this news
Hispanically Speaking News--In the -Dominican Republic-, it seems that more and more police officers, soldiers, and other lawmen are turning their backs on the law, and joining the drug traffickers and engaging in illegal activity. Those that try to stop - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 21:23:46 GMT+00:00
Death of young prospect stuns Nationals - CBSSports.com (blog) Tweet this news
CBSSports.com (blog)--The death of a -Dominican Republic- prospect from bacterial meningitis has left the Nationals reeling, swearing to begin a program to ensure that each player in its organization has been inoculated from the illness, a program MLB is - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 02:32:06 GMT+00:00
Cocaine in Diapers and Other Stupid Smuggers - Reuters Tweet this news
Reuters--She was flying back from the -Dominican Republic-, and evidently thought she could make a little extra cash with 1000 grams of cocaine. Although pretty stupid and incredibly creepy, we're not sure if this story tops the one where two women w - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 21:02:08 GMT+00:00
Black In Latin America: Dominicans Are "In Denial" Of Their Color - Guanabee Tweet this news
Guanabee--Part one of PBS' four-part series Black in Latin America premiered last night beginning with the -Dominican Republic-. Host Henry Louis Gates talked to Dominican Director of Cultural Diversity Juan Rodriguez who says that when it comes to c - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 16:53:06 GMT+00:00
Corruption in Dominican Security Forces Aids Drug Trafficking - InSight Crime Tweet this news
InSight Crime--A report by the Miami Herald recounted testimony of a former police officer of the -Dominican Republic- (DR), Elias Enmanuel Nuñez, who was fired for allegedly accusing his bosses of involvement in drug trafficking. The newspaper also cite - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 11:25:33 GMT+00:00
Rotary Club of Wheaton Returns From Dominican Republic - Patch.com Tweet this news
Patch.com--The Rotary Club of Wheaton recently visited orphanages in the -Dominican Republic-, where they presented a major donation check. While in Constanza, the Rotary Club of Wheaton presented a check to Kids Alive International for $13000. ... - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 20:51:54 GMT+00:00
Dominican Republic: Cuban Beach Volleyball Aims for Gold - Solvisión Tweet this news
Solvisión---...- and concentration, but must work hard to move on to the final stage, to be able to qualify for the 2012 Olympics in London. Six countries are competing in this tournament: the United States, Mexico, Canada, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the -Dom - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 18:29:18 GMT+00:00
Judges crown Lisa Martinez “Nuestra Belleza Latina” at Sabor Latino - Lamron Tweet this news
Lamron--Sophomore Lisa Martinez, Miss -Dominican Republic-, contestant No.2, won the pageant with the audience's help. On Saturday the Latino Student Association hosted its annual Sabor Latino: Nuestra Belleza Latina. "Nuestra Belleza Latina - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 23:14:57 GMT+00:00
Baltimore parishioner provides needed hand surgeries in Dominican Republic - The Catholic Review Tweet this news
The Catholic Review--Twice a year, patients stream into Centro Medico, a hospital in the town of La Romana in the -Dominican Republic-, hoping for a miracle. Many are poor, malnourished children with congenital problems, such as syndactyly - webbed finger - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 13:33:06 GMT+00:00
Alfonso Soriano is Dominican Republic's best paid sportsman - Dominican Today Tweet this news
Dominican Today--Alfonso Soriano, one of the best players in all of baseball in the mid-2000s, is the -Dominican Republic-´s best paid sportsman, according to report by ESPN to be released on May 2nd. In 2007, Soriano signed an eight-year, $136 Million d - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 14:13:09 GMT+00:00

Environmental issues :
Date Name Remarks
January 1 New Year's Day Non-working day.
January 6 Catholic day of the Epiphany Movable.
January 21 Dia de la Altagracia Non-working day. Patroness Day (Catholic).
January 26 Duarte's Day Movable. Founding Father.
February 27 Independence Day Non-working day. National Day.
(Variable date) Holy Week Working days, except Good Friday.
A Catholic holiday.
May 1 Labour Day Movable.
Last Sunday of May Mother's Day
(Variable date) Catholic Corpus Christi Non-working day. A Thursday in May or June
(60 days after Easter Sunday).
Last Sunday of July Father's Day
August 16 Restoration Day Non-working day.
September 24 Virgen de las Mercedes Non-working day. A Patroness Day (Catholic)
November 6 Constitution Day Movable.
December 24 Christmas eve
December 25 Christmas Day Non-working day.

Provinces of the Dominican Republic

Azua * Baoruco * Barahona * Dajabón * Distrito Nacional * Duarte * Elías Piña * El Seibo * Espaillat * Hato Mayor * Hermanas Mirabal * Independencia * La Altagracia * La Romana * La Vega * María Trinidad Sánchez * Monseñor Nouel * Monte Cristi * Monte Plata * Pedernales * Peravia * Puerto Plata * Samaná * Sánchez Ramírez * San Cristóbal * San José de Ocoa * San Juan * San Pedro de Macorís * Santiago * Santiago Rodríguez * Santo Domingo * Valverde |

Countries and dependencies of North America

Sovereign states
Antigua and Barbuda * Bahamas * Barbados * Belize * Canada * Costa Rica * Cuba * Dominica * Dominican Republic * El Salvador * France (Guadeloupe * Martinique) * Grenada * Guatemala * Haiti * Honduras * Jamaica * Mexico * Nicaragua * Panama * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Trinidad and Tobago * United States
Dependencies
DenmarkGreenland
FranceSt. Barthélemy * St. Martin * St. Pierre and Miquelon * Clipperton
NetherlandsAruba * Netherlands Antilles
United KingdomAnguilla * Bermuda * British Virgin Islands * Cayman Islands * Montserrat * Turks and Caicos Islands
United StatesNavassa Island * Petrel Islands * Puerto Rico * Serranilla Bank * U.S. Virgin Islands

Organization of American States (OAS)

Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Barbados * Brazil * Belize * Bahamas * Bolivia * Costa Rica * Cuba * Canada * Dominica * Dominican Republic * Ecuador * El Salvador * Grenada * Guatemala * Guyana * Haiti * Honduras * Jamaica * Mexico * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * St. Kitts and Nevis * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago * United States * Uruguay * Venezuela

Latin Union

Member nationsAndorra * Angola * Bolivia * Brazil * Cape Verde * Chile * Colombia * Costa Rica * Côte d'Ivoire * Cuba * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * El Salvador * France * Guatemala * Guinea-Bissau * Haiti * Honduras * Italy * Mexico * Moldova * Monaco * Mozambique * Nicaragua * Panama * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Portugal * Romania * San Marino * São Tomé and Príncipe * Senegal * Spain * Uruguay * Venezuela
Permanent observersArgentina * Holy See * Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Official languagesCatalan * French * Italian * Portuguese * Romanian * Spanish

Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

Nations
MembersAntigua and Barbuda * Bahamasup|1 * Barbados * Belize * Dominica * Grenada * Guyana * Haitiup|1 * Jamaica * Montserratup|2 * St. Kitts and Nevis * St. Lucia * St. Vincent and the Grenadines * Suriname * Trinidad and Tobago
Associate membersAnguilla * Bermuda * Cayman Islands * British Virgin Islands * Turks and Caicos Islands
ObserversAruba * Colombia * Dominican Republic * Mexico * Netherlands Antilles * Puerto Rico * Venezuela
Institutions
CSME * CDEMA * CMO * CMO * CXC * CCJ * CFC * CEHI * CARDI * REPAHA * ACCP * CARICAD * CFNI * CCC * CRITI *
Related organizations
Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States



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