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Buenos Aires

Full nameBuenos Aires
Official nameCiudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires
Autonomous City of Buenos Aires
Settlement typeAutonomous City
Established1536, 1580
TypeAutonomous city
Chief of GovernmentMauricio Macri
SenatorsMaría Eugenia Estenssoro, Samuel Cabanchik, Daniel Filmus
Total Area78.5 sq mi (203.3 km2)
Land Area78.5 sq mi (203.3 km2)
Metro Area1837 sq mi (4757.8 km2)
Total Population2891082 (2010 census.)
Metro (pop.)12801364
Demonymporteño (m), porteña (f)
Other information
Time zoneART (UTC-3)
Area code011
HDI (2010)0.876 high

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Buenos Aires (c-eniconˈbweɪnəs_ˈɛəriːz or c-enˈaɪrɪs; -esˈbwenoˈsaiɾes) is the capital and largest city of Argentina, and the second-largest metropolitan area in South America, after São Paulo. It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent. Greater Buenos Aires conurbation, which also includes several Buenos Aires Province districts, constitutes the third-largest conurbation in Latin America, with a population of around thirteen million.

The city of Buenos Aires is not a part of Buenos Aires Province, nor is it the Province's capital, but an autonomous district. In 1880, after decades of political infighting, Buenos Aires was federalised and removed from Buenos Aires Province. The city limits were enlarged to include the towns of Belgrano and Flores (both are currently neighborhoods of the city). The 1994 constitutional amendment granted the city autonomy, hence its formal name: 'Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires' (Autonomous City of Buenos Aires). Its citizens first elected a Chief of Government (i.e. Mayor) in 1996; before, the Mayor was directly appointed by the President of the Republic.

Buenos Aires is considered an Alpha World City as listed by the Loughborough University group's (GaWC) 2008 inventory. People from Buenos Aires are referred to as porteños (people of the port). Buenos Aires is a top tourist destination, and is known for its European style architecture and rich cultural life.

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