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Santo Domingo

Full nameSanto Domingo
Official nameSanto Domingo de Guzmán
Settlement typeCity
MottoCiudad Primada de América (First City of America)
CountryDominican Republic
ProvinceNational District
FounderBartholomew Columbus
MayorRoberto Salcedo
Total Area40.3 sq mi (104.44 km2)
Elevation45.9 ft (14 m)
Urban (pop.)2552398
Metro (pop.)3712391
Other information
Postal Code(s)10100 to 10699 Distrito Nacional, 10700 to 11999 Santo Domingo

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Santo Domingo, known officially as Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic. Its metropolitan population was 2,084,852 in 2003, and estimated at 3,294,385 in 2010. The city is located on the Caribbean Sea, at the mouth of the Ozama River. Founded by Bartholomew Columbus in 1496, it is the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas, and was the first seat of Spanish colonial rule in the New World. It lies within the boundaries of the Distrito Nacional (D.N.; "National District"), itself bordered on three sides by Santo Domingo Province.

Santo Domingo was called "Ciudad Trujillo", from 1930 to 1961, after the Dominican Republic's dictator, Rafael Trujillo, named the capital after himself. Following his assassination, the city resumed its original designation. Today, Santo Domingo is the Dominican Republic's major metropolis, and is the largest city in the Caribbean by population. Santo Domingo is ranked as a Gamma world city by Loughborough University.

Please note: When this article refers to Santo Domingo it is most likely referring to the Greater Santo Domingo Area (Distrito Nacional plus Santo Domingo Province). In some cases it may state "D.N.", which strictly refers to the city proper, i.e., excluding the surrounding province of Santo Domingo.

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