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Suffolk County, New York

Suffolk County New York
US county information
NameSuffolk County
StateNew York
US Area
Total Area2373 sq mi (6146.1 km2)
Land Area912 sq mi (2362.1 km2)
Water Area1461 sq mi (3784 km2)
Population1493350 (2010)
Density632.2/km2 (1637.4/sq mi)

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Suffolk County (-enˈsʌfəkpron) is a county located in the U.S. state of New York on the eastern portion of Long Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,493,350. It was named for the county of Suffolk in England, from which its earliest settlers came. The largest county on Long Island, it measures 86 mi (138.4 km) in length and 26 mi (41.8 km) in width at its widest (including water).

Its county seat is Riverhead, though many county offices are in Hauppauge on the west side of the county where most of the population lives. There are also offices in Smithtown, for the legislature, Yaphank, and Farmingville.

Suffolk and Nassau counties together are generally referred to as "Long Island" by area residents — as distinct from the New York City boroughs of Queens (Queens County) and Brooklyn (Kings County), which geographically make up the island's western end.

In 2008, Forbes magazine released its American Community Survey and named Suffolk County number 24 in its list of the top 25 richest counties in America. In 2002, the New York Times cited a study by the non-profit group Racism, which determined that Suffolk and its neighboring county, Nassau, to be the most racially segregated suburbs in the United States. Suffolk County is the easternmost county in New York State.

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