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Long Island

Long Island
Islands information
NameLong Island
Native namePaumanok
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Geography information
Area3628.6 km2 (1401 mi)
Length189.9 km (118 mi)
Width37 km (23 mi)
Highest pointJayne's Hill
401 ft (122 m)
Administration information
United States
StateNew York
Administration information
Population7568304 as of 2010
Ethnic groups54.7% White, 20.4% African American, 0.49% Native American, 12.3% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.8% other races, and 3.2% from two or more races and 20.5% Hispanic or Latino of any race

     Home | Islands | Long Island

Long Island is an island located in the southeast of the US state of New York, just east of Manhattan. Stretching northeast into the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island contains four counties, two of which are boroughs of New York City (Queens and Brooklyn), and two of which are mainly suburban or rural (Nassau and Suffolk). The term "Long Island" sometimes refers only to Nassau and Suffolk counties in order to differentiate them from New York City, though all four counties on the island are part of the New York metropolitan area.

As of the 2010 census, Long Island had a population of 7,568,304,

making it the most populated island in any U.S. state or territory. It is also the 17th most populous island in the world, ahead of Ireland, Jamaica and the Japanese island of Hokkaidō. Its population density is 5402 PD/sqmi.

If it were a state, Long Island would rank 13th in population (after Virginia) and first in population density.

Both the longest

and the largest island in the contiguous United States, Long Island extends 118 mi (189.9 km) eastward from New York Harbor to Montauk Point, and has a maximum north-to-south expanse of 23 mi (37 km) between the northern Long Island Sound coast and the southern Atlantic coast.

With a land area of 1,401 square miles (3,629 km2), Long Island is the 11th largest island in the United States, the 148th largest island in the world. It has a larger area than the state of Rhode Island (1,214 sq mi).

Nine bridges and 13 tunnels (including railway tunnels) connect Brooklyn and Queens (and thus Long Island) to the three other boroughs of New York City. Ferries connect Suffolk County northward across Long Island Sound to the state of Connecticut. Two of New York City's major airports, LaGuardia Airport and JFK International Airport, are located on Long Island, in Queens.

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