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Puebla

Puebla
Administration
Full namePuebla
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Puebla
Settlement typeState
Motto Unidos En El Tiempo, En El Esfuerzo, En La Justicia y En La Esperanza (United in time, effort, justice and hope)
AnthemHimno al Estado de Puebla
CountryMexico
CapitalPuebla de Zaragoza
Largest CityPuebla de Zaragoza
Municipalities217
AdmissionDecember 21, 1823
Order4th
Government
GovernorRafael Moreno Valle
SenatorsLeticia Jasso Valencia (I)
Humberto Aguilar
Melquiades Morales
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Óscar Aguilar
• Alberto González
• Janet González Tostado
• María Izaguirre
• Juan Pablo Jiménez
• Estela Jiménez
• Alberto Jiménez
• Alberto Juraidini
• Juan Carlos Lastiri
• Julieta Marín
• María Isabel Merlo
• Fernando Morales
• Francisco Ramos
• Leobardo Soto
• Ricardo Urzúa
• Valentina Díaz de Rivera
• Carmen Guzmán
• Juan Carlos Natale
Geography
Total Area13235.9 sq mi (34290 km2)
Highest Elevation18405.5 ft (5610 m)
Demography
Total Population5779829 (5th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (6th) (0/sq mi)
DemonymPoblano (a)
Other information
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
- Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code72-75
Area codeArea codes
• 1
• 2
• 3
ISO 3166 codeMX-PUE
HDI(+) 0.791 medium Ranked 28th
GDPUS$ 23,525,310.625 mil 

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Puebla (-esˈpweβla) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Puebla ( ) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 217 municipalities and its capital city is Puebla.

It is located in East-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Veracruz to the north and east, Hidalgo, México, Tlaxcala and Morelos to the west, Guerrero and Oaxaca to the south.

The origins of the state lie in the city of Puebla, which was founded by the Spanish in this valley in 1531 to secure the trade route between Mexico City and the port of Veracruz.

By the end of the 18th century, the area had become a colonial province with its own governor, which would become the State of Puebla, after the Mexican War of Independence in the early 19th century. Since that time, the area, especially around the capital city, has continued to grow economically, mostly through industry, despite being the scene of a number of battles, the most notable of which being the Battle of Puebla. Today, the state is one of the most industrialized in the country, but since most of its development is concentrated in Puebla and other cities, many of its rural areas are very poor, forcing many to migrate away to places such as Mexico City and the United States.

Culturally, the state is home to the China Poblana, mole poblano, active literary and arts scenes and festivals such as Cinco de Mayo, Ritual of Quetzalcoatl, Day of the Dead celebrations (especially in Huaquechula) and Carnival (especially in Huejotzingo). It is home to five major indigenous groups: Nahuas, the Totonacas, the Mixtecas, the Popolocas and the Otomi, which can mostly be found in the far north and the far south of the state.


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