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Full nameGuanajuato
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Guanajuato
Settlement typeState
Largest CityLeón
AdmissionDecember 20, 1823
GovernorJuan Manuel Oliva
SenatorsHumberto Andrade
Luis Alberto Villarreal
Francisco Arroyo Vieyra
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Guillermo Ruíz de Teresa
• Gerardo Sánchez García
• Viviana Agundiz Pérez
• Rubén Arellano Rodríguez
• Cecilia Arévalo Sosa
• Eugenio Arriaga Rojas
• José Bermúdez Méndez
• José De los Cobos Silva
• Lucila Gallegos Camarena
• Tomás Gutiérrez Ramírez
• Ruth Lugo Martínez
• Ramón Merino Loo
• Jaime Oliva Ramírez
• Aránzazu Quintana Padilla
• Noemí Reynoso Sánchez
• Martín Rico Jiménez
• Norma Sánchez Romero
• Javier Usabiaga Arroyo
• Guadalupe Vera H.
• Sixto Alfonso Zetina Soto
• Leticia Orozco Torres
Total Area11814.7 sq mi (30608 km2)
Highest Elevation10203.4 ft (3110 m)
Total Population5486372 (6th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (5th) (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
- Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code36-38
Area codeArea codes
• 411
• 412
• 413
• 415
• 417
• 418
• 419
• 421
• 428
• 429
• 432
• 438
• 442
• 445
• 456
• 461
• 462
• 464
• 466
• 468
• 469
• 472
• 473
• 476
• 477
ISO 3166 codeMX-GUA
HDI(+) 0.812 High Ranked 22nd
GDPUS$ 25,759,402.74 mil 

     Home | State | Guanajuato

:'Guanajuato is the name of a state in Mexico and that state's capital city, as well as a river in the area. This article is about the state. For the city, see Guanajuato, Guanajuato; for the river, see Guanajuato RiverGuanajuato (-esɡwanaˈxwato) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Guanajuato ( ) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 46 municipalities and its capital city is Guanajuato.

It is located in the North-Central Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Jalisco to the west, Zacatecas to the northeast, San Luis Potosí to the north, Querétaro to the east and Michoacán to the south. It covers an area of 30,608 km2.

Guanajuato is located between the arid north of the country and the lusher south, and it is geographically part of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, the Mexican Plateau and the Sierra Madre Oriental. It was initially settled by the Spanish in the 1520s due to mineral deposits found around the now capital city of Guanajuato, but areas such as the Bajío region also became important for agriculture and livestock. Mining and agriculture have been the traditional mainstays of the state’s economy, but today, about 30% of the state’s GDP is accounted for by industry, which includes metals, automobiles, leather goods, processed foods and more.

The state is home to several historically important cities, especially those along the “Bicentennial Route”, which retraces the path of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla’s insurgent army at the very beginning of the Mexican War of Independence. This route begins at Dolores Hidalgo, and passes though the Sanctuary of Atotonilco, San Miguel de Allende, Celaya and the capital of Guanajuato. Other important cities in the state include León, the most populous and Irapuato.

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