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Full nameSonora
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Sonora
Settlement typeState
Largest CityHermosillo
AdmissionJanuary 10, 1824
GovernorGuillermo Padrés
SenatorsLucía Larios Gaxiola
Javier Castelo
Alfonso Elías Serrano
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Manuel Acosta
• Jesús Cano Vélez
• Ernesto De Lucas
• Rogelio Manuel Díaz
• José Luis León
• Onésimo Mariscales
• Ernesto Pompa
• María Dolores del Río
• Leonardo Guillén
• Marcos Pérez Esquer
• Enrique Torres
• Evelyn Trigueras
• Samuel Moreno Terán
Total Area69288.2 sq mi (179503 km2)
Highest Elevation8595.8 ft (2620 m)
Total Population2662480 (18th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (27th) (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneMST (UTC−7)
Postal code83 85
Area codeArea codes
• 622
• 623
• 631
• 632
• 633
• 634
• 637
• 638
• 641
• 642
• 643
• 644
• 645
• 647
• 651
• 653
• 662
ISO 3166 codeMX-SON
HDI(+) 0.858 High Ranked 5th
GDPUS$ 16,416,142.57 th 

     Home | State | Sonora

Sonora (-esso̞ˈno̞ɾa) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora ( ) is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 72 municipalities and its capital city is Hermosillo.

It is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it has a long line with the U.S.-Mexico border adjacent to the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico. To the west, it has a significant share of coastline on the Gulf of California.

Its natural geography is divided into three parts: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the east of the state, plains and rolling hills in the center and the coast on the Gulf of California. Almost all of the state is arid or semi-arid covered in deserts and arid grasslands. Only the highest elevations of the state have sufficient rainfall to support other types of vegetation. The state is home to eight indigenous peoples, including the Mayo, the Yaqui and the Seri.

The state has been economically important for its agriculture, livestock (especially beef) and mining since the colonial period, and for its status as a border state since the Mexican American War. After, via Gadsden Purchase, the state lost more than a quarter of its territory. From the 20th century to the present, industry, tourism and large agribusiness have dominated the economy, attracting migration into the state from other parts of Mexico.

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