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Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur
Full nameBaja California Sur
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur
Settlement typeState
CapitalLa Paz
Largest CityLa Paz
AdmissionOctober 8, 1974
GovernorMarcos Covarrubias Villaseñor
SenatorsFrancisco J. Obregón
Josefina Cota
Luis Coppola Joffroy
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Isaías González Cuevas
• Víctor M. Castro Cosío [[Image:PRD Party (Mexico).svg
• Francisco Meza Castro [[Image:PRD Party (Mexico).svg
• Silvia Puppo Gastélum [[Image:PRD Party (Mexico).svg
Total Area28361.4 sq mi (73475 km2)
Highest Elevation6824.1 ft (2080 m)
Total Population637026 (32nd) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (32nd) (0/sq mi)
DemonymSudcaliforniano (a)
Other information
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
- Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
Postal code23
Area codeArea codes
• 612
• 613
• 615
• 624
ISO 3166 codeMX-BCS
HDI(+) 0.878 high Ranked 2nd
GDPUS$ 3,967,628.2 thousands or US$ 3.968 billion  

     Home | State | Baja California Sur

Baja California Sur (-esˈbaxa kaliˈfornja ˈsur, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur ( ), (literally: South Lower California), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. Before becoming a state on October 8, 1974, the area was known as the South Territory of Baja California. It has an area of 73475 km2 (28368.9 sqmi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico and comprises the southern half of the Baja California peninsula, south of the 28th parallel. It is bordered to the north by the state of Baja California, to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and to the east by the Gulf of California, also known as the "Sea of Cortés." Also, the state has maritime borders with Sonora and Sinaloa to the east across the Gulf of California.

As of 2005, the population was 512,170. The state is home to the tourist resorts of Cabo San Lucas and San José del Cabo. Its largest city and capital is La Paz, a tourist resort and historic landmark. It includes Loreto, the historic first capital of all three Californias (Baja California Sur, Baja California, and California), the town of Santa Rosalía which is the site of a historic church designed by Gustave Eiffel.

It is the smoke stack of the silver smelters in El Triunfo, Baja California Sur that was designed by Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel never visited Baja California Sur, rather his works as an early architect were sold as a 'cookie cutter' design and can be seen in hundreds of locations around the world. Although the silver industry ended full scale production in the 1950's the stack and ruins of the silver industry remain as a significant landmark today.

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