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Full nameChiapas
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas
Settlement typeState
AnthemHimno a Chiapas
CapitalTuxtla Gutiérrez
Largest CityTuxtla Gutiérrez
AdmissionSeptember 14, 1824
GovernorJuan Sabines
SenatorsManuel Velasco
María Elena Orantes
Rubén Velázquez
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• Roberto Albores
• Sami David
• Sergio Lobato
• Julián Nazar
• Hernán Orantes
• César Augusto Santiago
• Lucrecia Camacho
• Ovidio Cortazar Ramos
• Roberto Gil Zuarth
• Gloria Luna Ruíz
• José Manuel Marroquín
• Carlos Martínez
• Vladimir Ramos
• Olga Espinosa
• Ariel Gómez León
• Sergio Gutiérrez
• Luis Hernández Cruz
• Juan Carlos López
• Federico Ovalle
• Magdalena Torres
• Francisco Espinosa
Total Area28289.6 sq mi (73289 km2)
Highest Elevation13385.8 ft (4080 m)
Total Population4796580 (7th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (15th) (0/sq mi)
DemonymChiapaneco (a)
Other information
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
- Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code29 30
Area codeArea codes
• 916
• 917
• 918
• 919
• 932
• 934
• 961
• 962
• 963
• 964
• 965
• 966
• 967
• 968
• 992
• 994
ISO 3166 codeMX-CHP
HDI(+) 0.739 Medium Ranked 32nd
GDPUS$ 11,957,977.89 th 

     Home | State | Chiapas

Chiapas (-esˈtʃjapas) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Chiapas ( ) is one of the 31 states that, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 118 municipalities and its capital city is Tuxtla Gutierrez. Other important cites in Chiapas include San Cristóbal de las Casas, Comitán, and Tapachula. Located in Southwestern Mexico, it is the southernmost State of Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Tabasco to the north, Veracruz to the northwest and Oaxaca to the west. To the east Chiapas borders Guatemala, and to the south the Pacific Ocean.

In general, Chiapas has a humid, tropical climate. In the north, in the area bordering Tabasco, near Teapa, rainfall can average more than 3000 mm (118.1 in) per year. In the past, natural vegetation at this region was lowland, tall perennial rainforest, but this vegetation has been destroyed almost completely to give way to agriculture and ranching. Rainfall decreases moving towards the Pacific Ocean, but it is still abundant enough to allow the farming of bananas and many other tropical crops near Tapachula. On the several parallel "sierras" or mountain ranges running along the center of Chiapas, climate can be quite temperate and foggy, allowing the development of cloud forests like those of the Reserva de la Biosfera el Triunfo, home to a handful of Resplendent Quetzals and Horned Guans.

Chiapas is home to the ancient Mayan ruins of Palenque, Yaxchilán, Bonampak, Chinkultic. It is also home to one of the largest indigenous populations in the country with twelve federally recognized ethnicities. Much of the state’s history is centered on the subjugation of these peoples with occasional rebellions. The last of these rebellions was the 1994 Zapatista uprising, which succeeded in obtaining new rights for indigenous people but also divided much of the indigenous peoples of the state.

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