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Full nameTlaxcala
Native nameEstado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala
Settlement typeState
MottoCuna de la Nación (Cradle of the Nation)
AnthemHimno a Tlaxcala
CapitalTlaxcala de Xicohténcatl
Largest CityVicente Guerrero
AdmissionDecember 9, 1856
GovernorMariano González
SenatorsAlfonso Sánchez
Minerva Hernández
Rosalía Peredo
DeputiesFederal Deputies
• María Elena López
• Beatríz Paredes
• Sergio González
• Oralia López
• Julián Velázquez
Total Area1540.5 sq mi (3991 km2)
Highest Elevation14501.3 ft (4420 m)
Total Population1169936 (28th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (3rd) (0/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCST, (UTC-6) (UTC)
- Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code90
Area codeArea codes 1 and 2
• 223
• 241
• 246
• 247
• 248
• 276
• 748
• 749
ISO 3166 codeMX-TLA
HDI(+) 0.808 High Ranked 23rd
GDPUS$ 3,601,104.7 th 

     Home | City | Tlaxcala

Tlaxcala (-estlaksˈkala, -nahtɬaʃˈkalːanlang) officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala ( ) is one of the 31 states which along with the Federal District comprise the 32 federative entities of Mexico. It is divided into 60 municipalities and its capital city is Tlaxcala.

It is located in East-Central Mexico, in the altiplano region, with the eastern portion dominated by the Sierra Madre Oriental.. It is bordered by the states of Puebla to the north, east and south, México to the west and Hidalgo to the northwest. It is the smallest state of the republic, accounting for only 0.2% of the country’s territory.

The state is named after its capital, Tlaxcala, which was also the name of the pre-Hispanic city and culture. The Tlaxcalans allied themselves with the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs, with concessions from the Spanish that allowed the territory to remain mostly intact throughout 300 years of colonial period. After Mexican Independence, Tlaxcala was declared a federal territory, until 1857 when it was admitted as a state of the federation.

Most of the state’s economy is based on agriculture, light industry and tourism. The tourist industry is rooted in Tlaxcala’s long history with major attractions being archeological sites such as Cacaxtla and colonial constructions in and around Tlaxcala city.

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