AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share


General information
Common namePortugal
Local name 
Anthem"A Portuguesa"
"The Portuguese Anthem"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesPortuguese
Regional languagesMirandese1
Ethnic groups96.87% Portuguese and 3.13% legal immigrants (Cape Verdeans, Brazilians, Ukrainians, Angolans, etc.) (2007)
GovernmentParliamentary republic
PresidentAníbal Cavaco Silva (PSD)
Prime MinisterPedro Passos Coelho (PSD)
Assembly PresidentAssunção Esteves (PSD)
FormationFormation (Conventional date for Independence is 1139)
De facto sovereignty24 June 1128
Kingdom25 July 1139
Recognized5 October 1143
Papal Recognition23 May 1179
Restoration of independence1 December 1640
Restoration of independence recognized13 February 1668
Republic5 October 1910
Total Area35645 sq mi (92320.6 km2) (110th)
Water %0.5
Population Est.10647763 (77th)
Population census10555853 (2011)
Density (pop.)115/km2 (96th) (298/sq mi)
GDP PPP$247.037 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$23,222
GDP (nominal)$229.336 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$21,558
Other information
Gini33.7 (2009)
HDI(+) 0.795 (2010) (very high) (40th)
CurrencyEuro (-)2 (EUR)
Time zoneWET (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)WEST (UTC+1)
Date formatsdd-mm-yyyy, yyyy-mm-dd, yyyy/mm/dd
Drives on theright
Calling code351

     Home | Country | Portugal

Portugal c-enaudio=en-us-Portugal.oggˈpɔrtʃʉɡəl ( , -ptpuɾtuˈɣaɫIPA), officially the Portuguese Republic ( ) is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of Portugal. The country is named after its second largest city, Porto, whose Latin name was Portus Cale.

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times: occupied by Celts like the Gallaeci and the Lusitanians, integrated into the Roman Republic and later settled by Germanic peoples such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, in the 8th century the lands were conquered by Moors. During the Christian Reconquista, Portugal established itself as an independent kingdom from León, claiming to be the oldest European nation-state.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western influence and established a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia, Oceania, and South America, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. The Portuguese Empire was the first transoceanic empire in history, and also the longest lived of the European colonial empires. However, the country's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the independence of Brazil, its largest colony.

After the 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic was established being then superseded by the "Estado Novo" fascist regime. Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974, after which Portugal's last overseas provinces became independent (most prominently Angola and Mozambique); the last overseas territory, Macau, was ceded to China in 1999.

Portugal is a developed country with an advanced and high-income economy, with a very high Human Development Index. It has the world's 19th-highest quality-of-life, one of the top health care systems, and it's also one of the world's most globalized and peaceful nations. A member of the European Union and the United Nations, it is as well a founding member of the Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, OECD, NATO, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Eurozone and the Schengen Agreement.

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260