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General information
Common nameBolivia
Local nameEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Spanish)
Bulivya Mamallaqta (Quechua)
Wuliwya Suyu (Aymara)
NameEstado Plurinacional de Bolivia (Spanish)
Bulivya Mamallaqta (Quechua)
Wuliwya Suyu (Aymara)
Motto"¡La union es la fuerza!"
"The unity is the strength"  
AnthemNational Anthem of Bolivia    "Himno Nacional de Bolivia"
CapitalSucre (constitutional capital)
La Paz (administrative capital)
Largest citySanta Cruz de la Sierra
Official languagesSpanish
and 34 other native languages
Ethnic groups55% Amerindian (Quechua, Aymara and 34 other ethnic groups), 30% Mestizo, 15% White
GovernmentUnitary Presidential Republic
PresidentEvo Morales
Vice PresidentÁlvaro García
IndependenceIndependence (from Spain)
Declared6 August 1825
Recognized21 July 1847
Total Area424163 sq mi (1098582.2 km2) (28th)
Water %1.29
Population Est.(+)10,907,778 (84th)
Population census8280184 (2001)
Density (pop.)8.9/km2 (220th) (23/sq mi)
GDP PPP$47.882 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$4,592
GDP (nominal)$19.373 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$1,858
Other information
Gini58.2 (2009) (high)
HDI(+) 0.643 (2010) (medium) (95th)
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)
Drives on theRight
Calling code+591

     Home | Country | Bolivia

Bolivia c-enaudio=en-us-Bolivia.oggbəˈlɪviə, officially known as Plurinational State of Bolivia (Quechua: Bulivya Mamallaqta, , -esesˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβjaIPA Aymara: "Wuliwya Suyu"), is a landlocked country in central South America. It is the poorest country in South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile by the south west, and Peru by the west.

Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire - the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was called Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies. After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has struggled through periods of political instability, dictatorships and economic woes.

Bolivia is a Democratic Republic that is divided into nine departments. Its geography is varied from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country, with a Medium Human Development Index score, and a poverty level around 60%. Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very wealthy in minerals, especially tin.

The Bolivian population, estimated at 10 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, and Africans. The main language spoken is Spanish, although the Aymara and Quechua languages are also common and all three, as well as 34 other indigenous languages, are official. The large number of different cultures within Bolivia has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

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