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French Guiana

French Guiana
NameFrench Guiana
Native Name 
Reg LogoGuyaneFlag.jpg
Logo Size80px
Logo LinkCoat of arms of French Guiana
FlagFlag of French Guiana.svg
Flag LinkFlag of French Guiana
DemonymFrench Guianese
Pop DateJan. 2009
Pop Rank26th
GDP Year2008
GDP Per Capita14,204 (US $20,904)
GDP Cap Ref
GDP Cap Year2008
WebsitePrefecture, region, department
Leader TitlePrefect
LeaderM. Denis Labbe
Leader TitlePresidents
LeaderRodolphe Alexandre (UMP, region)
Alain Tien-Liong (MDES, department)
Utc Offset1-03
DepartmentsGuyane department

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French Guiana ( ; -frɡɥijan fʁɑ̃sɛz; officially just ) is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department located on the northern Atlantic coast of South America. It has borders with two nations, Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,534 km2 have a very low population density of less than three inhabitants per km2, with almost half of its 229,000 people in 2009 living in the urban area of Cayenne, its capital.

The addition of the adjective "French" in English comes from colonial times when five such colonies existed, namely from west to east: Spanish Guiana (now Venezuela), British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), French Guiana, and Portuguese Guiana (now Amapá, a state in far northern Brazil). French Guiana and the two smaller countries to the north and west, Guyana and Suriname, are still often collectively referred to as the Guianas and comprise one large shield landmass.

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