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General information
Common nameParaguay
Local name 
MottoPaz y justicia  
"Peace and justice"
AnthemParaguayos, República o Muerte  
"Paraguayans, Republic or Death"
Largest cityAsunción
Official languages
  • Spanish
  • Guaraní
  • Ethnic groups74.5% mestizo 20% white 3.5% mulatto 1.5% native
    GovernmentUnitary presidential Constitutional republic
    PresidentFernando Lugo
    Vice PresidentFederico Franco
    Upper HouseChamber of Senators
    Lower HouseChamber of Deputies
    IndependenceIndependence (from Spain)
    .May 14 and 15, 1811
    Total Area157006.3 sq mi (406752 km2) (60th)
    Water %2.3
    Population Est.6460000 (103rd)
    Density (pop.)15.1/km2 (204th) (39/sq mi)
    GDP PPP$33.306 billion (2010)
    GDP (PPP) per capita$5,202
    GDP (nominal)$18.475 billion (2010)
    GDP (nominal) per capita$2,885
    Other information
    Gini50.8 (2008) (high)
    HDI(+) 0.640 (2010) (medium) (96th)
    CurrencyGuaraní (PYG)
    Drives on theright
    Calling code595

         Home | Country | Paraguay

    Paraguay c-enaudio=en-us-Paraguay.oggˈpɛərəɡwaɪ, officially the Republic of Paraguay ( , -esreˈpuβlika ðel paɾaˈɣwaipron; Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái -gnteˈtã paɾaˈɣʷaj), is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de América, or the Heart of America.

    As of 2009 the population was estimated at 6.3 million. The capital and largest city is Asunción. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, both being widely spoken in the country. Most of the population are mestizos.

    The Guaraní have been living in Paraguay since prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, when Paraguay became part of the Spanish colonial empire. Paraguay gained independence from Spain in 1811.

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