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Senate of Brazil

NameFederal Senate
Native NameSenado Federal
Coa PicCoat of arms of Brazil.svg
Session RoomSenado2006.jpg
House TypeUpper House
Leader1 TypePresident of the Federal Senate
Leader1José Sarney
Election1February 2, 2009
Structure1Senate of Brazil 2011 composition.png
Structure1 Res200px
Structure1 AltComposition of the Federal Senate
Political Groups1{{Collapsible list|title=15| 
Last Election1October 3, 2010
Meeting PlaceNational Congress Building
Federal District

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The Federal Senate of Brazil ( ) is the upper house of the National Congress of Brazil. Created by the first Constitution of the Brazilian Empire in 1824, it was inspired in United Kingdom's House of Lords, but with the Proclamation of the Republic in 1889 it became closer to the United States Senate.

Currently, the Senate comprises 81 seats. Three Senators from each of the 26 states and three Senators from the Federal District are elected on a majority basis to serve eight-year terms. Elections are staggered so that two-thirds of the upper house is up for election at one time and the remaining one-third four years later.

The current president of the Brazilian Senate is José Sarney, from the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party of Amapá. He was elected in early 2009 for a two-year term.

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