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Trindade and Martim Vaz

Trindade and Martim Vaz
Islands information
NameTrindade and Martim Vaz Archipelago
Native nameArquipélago de Trindade e Martim Vaz
LocationAtlantic Ocean
ArchipelagoArquipélago de Trindade e Martim Vaz
Total islands6
Major islandsTrindade; Martim Vaz
Geography information
Area10.4 km2 (4 mi)
Elevation2034.1 ft (620 m)
Highest pointPico do Desejado
Administration information
StateEspírito Santo
Administration1st Naval District of the Brazilian Navy
Administration information
Population32 as of 2009

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Trindade and Martim Vaz is an archipelago located about 1,200 kilometers (740 mi) east of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belonging to the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. The archipelago has a total area of 10.4 km2 (4.0 sq mi) and a population of 32 (Brazilian Navy personnel). The archipelago consists of six islands; Trindade being the largest island, with an area of 10.1 km2 and Martim Vaz the second largest, with an area of 0.3 km2 (30 hectares).

The islands are of volcanic origin and have rugged terrain. They are largely barren, except for the southern part of Trindade. They were discovered in 1502 by Portuguese explorer Estêvão da Gama and stayed Portuguese until they became part of Brazil at its independence. From 1890 to 1896, Trindade was occupied by the United Kingdom until an agreement with Brazil was reached. During the period of British occupation, Trindade was known as "South Trinidad".

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