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Shah Jahan

Shah Jahan
"Shah Jahan on a globe" from the Smithsonian Institution
NameShah Jahan
5th Mughal Emperor
Reign8 November 1627 - 2 August 1658
( )
Coronation25 January 1628, Agra
Jahanara Begum
Dara Shikoh
Shah Shuja
Roshanara Begum
Murad Baksh
Gauhara Begum
MotherPrincess Manmati
Place of burialTaj Mahal
ReligionSunni Islam

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Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan, , Persian: شاه جهان) (January 5, 1592 January 22, 1666) (Full title: His Imperial Majesty Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Malik-ul-Sultanat, Ala Hazrat Abu'l-Muzaffar Shahab ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan I, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah, Firdaus-Ashiyani, Shahanshah-E--Sultanant Ul Hindiya Wal Mughaliya, Emperor of India ) was the emperor of the Mughal Empire in the Indian Subcontinent from 1628 until 1658. The name Shah Jahan comes from Persian meaning "King of the World." He was the fifth Mughal emperor after Babur, Humayun, Akbar, and Jahangir. While young, he was favourite of his legendary grandfather Akbar the Great. He is also called Shahjahan the Magnificent. Besides being a descendant of Genghis Khan, Emperor of Mongol Empire and Tamerlane, he is also a descendant of Emperor Charlemagne, the King of the Franks, King of the Lombards and the Emperor of the Romans.

Even while very young, he was chosen as successor to the Mughal throne after the death of Emperor Jahangir. He succeeded to the throne upon his father's death in 1627. He is considered to be one of the greatest Mughals and his reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals and one of the most prosperous ages of the Indian civilization. Like Akbar, he too was eager to expand his vast empire. In 1658 he fell ill, and was confined by his son Emperor Aurangzeb in the Citadel of Agra until his death in 1666. On the eve of his death in 1666, he was one of the most powerful personalities on the earth and his Mughal Empire spanned almost 750000000 acre (3035142.3 km2) and he had in his empire the largest and most prosperous capital as well as some of the most delicate architectural masterpieces in the world.

The period of his reign was the golden age of Mughal architecture. Shahanshah Shah Jahan erected many splendid monuments, the most famous of which is the legendary Taj Mahal at Agra built as a tomb for his wife, Empress Mumtaz Mahal. The Pearl Mosque and many other buildings in Agra, the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid Mosque in Delhi, mosques in Lahore, extensions to Lahore Fort and a mosque in Thatta also commemorate him. The famous Takht-e-Taus or the Peacock Throne, said to be worth millions of dollars by modern estimates, also dates from his reign. He was also the founder of the new imperial capital called Shahjahanabad, now known as Old Delhi. Other important buildings of Shah Jahan's rule were the Diwan-i-Am and Diwan-i-Khas in the Red Fort Complex in Delhi and the Pearl Mosque in the Lahore Fort. It is pointed out that the Palace of Delhi is the most magnificent in the East. Shah Jahan is also believed to have the most refined of the tastes in arts and architecture and is credited to have comissioned about 777 gardens in Kashmir, his favourite summer residence. Surprisingly, a few of these gardens survive even till date and attracts thousands of tourists every year.

Shah Jahan Video

Salaam namaste tu jahan saif ali khan preity zinta high quality.
5.07 min. | 4.81 user rating
Découvrez le film TV "La légende de Shalimar" réalisé par Bruno Aveillan mettant en scène Natalia Vodianova. Il était une fois, en Inde, une histoire d'amour entre un empereur moghol...
3.05 min. | 4.79 user rating
To watch more log on to Check out "Main Jahaan Rahoon" from Namastey London sung by Rahat Fateh Ali Khan featuring Akshay Kumar & Katrina Kaif. For all the updates...
1.80 min. | 4.82 user rating
Taj Mahal "A tear of marble still on the cheek of Time" (Rabindranath Tagore) "Una lacrima di marmo ferma sulla guancia del Tempo" Soundtrack: Traditional Music of Ancient India Il...
10.90 min. | 4.89 user rating
Découvrez le film "La légende de Shalimar" en version longue, réalisé par Bruno Aveillan et mettant en scène Natalia Vodianova. Il était une fois, en Inde, une histoire d'amour entre...
5.77 min. | 4.45 user rating
Da Tool Khanadan Chalegey Da Salma Shah Da Khurshed Jehan cd adakarey Da Torooor Lor da. Agha Hum Koney Da Ao da hum Da meeer zamn gholey da ao agha Tariq Shah. Kus ta goooora ao ...
0.38 min. | 3.74 user rating
Main hosh mein hooN to Tera hooN- Abida Parveen Poet: Hazrat Zaheen Music: Muzaffar ALi Album: JAHAN-E-KHUSRAU Lyrics:main hosh mein hoon hosh mein hoon, hosh mein hoon... deewaana...
8.08 min. | 4.89 user rating
Song from Hindi Movie Narsimha (1991) starring, Sunny Deol, Dimple Kapadia, Urmila Matondkar, Ravi Behl, Om Puri, Johny Lever, Om Shivpuri, Satish Shah. Director: N Chandra, Music Director:...
7.75 min. | 4.36 user rating
5.38 min. | 4.28 user rating
Subscribe to Mocomikids here presents: Aurangzeb Aurangzeb, born in 1618, was considered as the last great ...
4.83 min. | 3.88 user rating

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Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mughal Emperor
1627 - 1658
Succeeded by

Mughal Empire

EmperorsBabur * Humayun * Akbar * Jahangir * Shah Jahan * Aurangzeb * Later Mughals
EventsFirst battle of Panipat * Battle of Khanwa * Second battle of Panipat * Battle of Haldighati * Battle of Karnal * Battle of Buxar
ArchitectureTaj Mahal * Fatehpur Sikri * Humayun's Tomb * Red Fort * Lahore Fort * Akbar's Tomb * Agra Fort * Shalimar Gardens * Jahangir's Tomb * Bibi Ka Maqbara * Badshahi Mosque * more
AdversariesIbrahim Lodi * Rana Sanga * Sher Shah Suri * Hemu * Maharana Pratap * Gokula * Shivaji * Khushal Khan Khattak * Guru Gobind Singh * Nadir Shah * Hector Munro

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