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Humayun's tomb (Hindi: हुमायूँ का मक़बरा, Urdu: ہمایون کا مقبره Humayun ka Maqbara) is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's wife Hamida Banu Begum in 1562 CE, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyath, a Persian architect. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah citadel also known as Purana Qila, that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, and since then has undergone extensive restoration work, which is still underway. Besides the main tomb enclosure of Humayun, several smaller monuments dot the pathway leading up to it, from the main entrance in the West, including one that even pre-dates the main tomb itself, by twenty years; it is the tomb complex of Isa Khan Niyazi, an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri's court of the Suri dynasty, who fought against the Mughals, constructed in 1547 CE.

The complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of his wife, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. It represented a leap in Mughal architecture, and together with its accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens, but never seen before in India, it set a precedent for subsequent Mughal architecture. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal Emperor, Babur, called Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) in Kabul (Afghanistan). Though the latter was the first Emperor to start the tradition of being buried in a paradise garden. Modelled on Gur-e Amir, the tomb of his ancestor and Asia's conqueror Timur in Samarkand, it created a precedent for future Mughal architecture of royal mausolea, which reached its zenith with the Taj Mahal, at Agra.

The site was chosen on the banks of Yamuna river, due to its proximity to Nizamuddin Dargah, the mausoleum of the celebrated Sufi saint of Delhi, Nizamuddin Auliya, who was much revered by the rulers of Delhi, and whose residence, Chilla Nizamuddin Auliya lies just north-east of the tomb. In later Mughal history, the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge here, during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, along with three princes, and was captured by Captain Hodson before being exiled to Rangoon. At the time of the Slave Dynasty this land was under the 'KiloKheri Fort' which was capital of Sultan Kequbad, son of Nasiruddin (1268 1287).

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An ancient story carved in stone - Indian Express Tweet this news
Indian Express--The light drizzle or even the visitors at the -Humayun's Tomb- are no distraction for the stone-cutters as they work tirelessly under blue plastic tents. ... - Date : Sun, 17 Oct 2010 01:37:51 GMT+00:00

Landmarks of Delhi

Important religious sitesBahá'í Lotus Temple * Akshardham Temple * Jama Masjid * Sis Ganj Gurudwara * Gurudwara Bangla Sahib * Nizamuddin Dargah * Laxminarayan Temple
Gardens, parks and natural attractionsBuddha Jayanti Park * Lodhi Gardens * Delhi ridge
Architectural sitesRed Fort * Humayun's Tomb * Safdarjung's Tomb * Qutab Minar * Purana Qila * Tughlaqabad Fort * Jantar Mantar
Notable buildingsRashtrapati Bhavan * India Gate * Sansad Bhavan
PlazasConnaught Place

World Heritage Sites in India

North|North |
NortheastKaziranga National Park * Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
EastMahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya * Mountain railways of India (Darjeeling Himalayan Railway)up|1 * Sun Temple at Konark * Sundarbans National Park
SouthGreat Living Chola Temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Darasuram * Group of Monuments at Hampi * Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram * Group of Monuments at Pattadakal * Mountain railways of India (Nilgiri Mountain Railway)up|1
WestAjanta Caves * Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park * Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus * Churches and convents of Goa * Elephanta Caves * Ellora Caves

Mughal Empire

EmperorsBabur * Humayun * Akbar * Jahangir * Shah Jahan * Aurangzeb * Later Mughals
EventsFirst battle of Panipat * Battle of Khanwa * Second battle of Panipat * Battle of Haldighati * Battle of Karnal * Battle of Buxar
ArchitectureTaj Mahal * Fatehpur Sikri * Humayun's Tomb * Red Fort * Lahore Fort * Akbar's Tomb * Agra Fort * Shalimar Gardens * Jahangir's Tomb * Bibi Ka Maqbara * Badshahi Mosque * more
AdversariesIbrahim Lodi * Rana Sanga * Sher Shah Suri * Hemu * Maharana Pratap * Gokula * Shivaji * Khushal Khan Khattak * Guru Gobind Singh * Nadir Shah * Hector Munro

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