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General information
Common nameJamaica
Motto"Out of Many, One People"
Anthem"Jamaica, Land We Love"
Royal anthem"God Save the Queen"
Largest citycapital
Official languagesEnglish
Regional languagesSpanish, Caribbean Hindustani, Hindi, Jamaican Patois, Portuguese, Chinese, Levantine Arabic
Ethnic groups76.3% African descent, 15.1% Afro-European, 3.4% East Indian and Afro-East Indian, 3.2% Caucasian, 1.2% Chinese and Afro-Chinese and 0.8% Other.
GovernmentParliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralPatrick Allen
Prime MinisterBruce Golding
Prime Minister-designateAndrew Holness
from the United Kingdom6 August 1962
Total Area4244 sq mi (10992 km2) (166th)
Water %1.5
Population Est.2,847,232 (133rd)
Density (pop.)253.2/km2 (49th) (656|population_density_rank=49th/sq mi)
GDP PPP$23.716 billion (2010)
GDP (PPP) per capita$8,727
GDP (nominal)$13.694 billion (2010)
GDP (nominal) per capita$5,039
Other information
Gini37.9 (2000) (medium)
HDI(+) 0.688 (2010) (high) (80th)
CurrencyJamaican dollar (JMD)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+1-876

     Home | Country | Jamaica

Jamaica c-enaudio=En-us-Jamaica.oggdʒəˈmeɪkə is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, 234 km (145.4 mi) in length and as much as 80 km (49.7 mi) in width, and amounts to 10,990 square kilometres (4,243 sq mi). It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about 145 km (90.1 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 km (118.7 mi) west of Hispaniola, the island harbouring the nation-states Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning the "Land of Wood and Water", or the "Land of Springs".

Once a Spanish possession known as , in 1655 it became an English, and later a British, colony, known as "Jamaica". It achieved full independence in 1962. With 2.8 million people, it is the third most populous anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. It remains a Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state. Kingston is the country's largest city and the capital.

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