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Oakland Athletics

MLB
Established1901
Major league affiliations
American League (1901 - present)
West Division (1969 - present)
Retired numbers9, 24, 27, 34, 42, 43, (A's)
ColorsGreen, California Gold, White      
Oakland Athletics (1981 - present)
Oakland A's (1970 1980;1981-present (only as nickname) *Oakland Athletics (1968 1969) *Kansas City Athletics (1955 1967) *Philadelphia Athletics (1901 1954) (Referred to as "A's")
Other nicknamesThe A's, The White Elephants, The Elephants
Ballpark
O.co Coliseum (1968 - present)
:*a.k.a. Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum (1966 1998, 2008 2011) :*a.k.a. McAfee Coliseum (2004 2008) :*a.k.a. Network Associates Coliseum (1998 2004) :*a.k.a. Overstock.com Coliseum (2011) *Municipal Stadium (Kansas City) (1955 1967) *Shibe Park (Philadelphia) (1909 1954) :*a.k.a. Connie Mack Stadium (1953 1954) *Columbia Park (Philadelphia) (1901 1908)
Major league titles
World Series titles1989 • 1974 • 1973 • 1972
1930 • 1929 • 1913 • 1911
1910 ((9))
AL Pennants1990 • 1989 • 1988 • 1974
1973 • 1972 • 1931 • 1930
1929 • 1914 • 1913 • 1911
1910 • 1905 • 1902 ((15))
West Division titles2006 • 2003 • 2002 • 2000
1992 • 1990 • 1989 • 1988
1981 • 1975 • 1974 • 1973
1972 • 1971 ((14) [1])
Wild card berths2001 ((1))
[1] In 1994, a players' strike wiped out the last eight weeks of the season and all post-season. Oakland was one game out of first place in the West Division (despite being 12 games under .500) behind Texas when play was stopped. No official titles were awarded in 1994.
OwnerJohn Fisher , Lew Wolff
ManagerBob Melvin

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The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. The Athletics are a member of the Western Division of Major League Baseball's American League. From 1968 to the present, the Athletics have played in the O.co Coliseum.

The "Athletics" name originates from the late 19th century "athletic clubs", specifically the Philadelphia Athletics baseball club. They are most prominently nicknamed "the A's", in reference to the Gothic script "A", a trademark of the team and the old Athletics of Philadelphia. This has gained very prominent use, and in some circles is used more frequently than the full "Athletics" name. They are also known as "the White Elephants" or simply "the Elephants", in reference to then New York Giants' manager John McGraw's calling the team a "white elephant". This was embraced by the team, who then made a white elephant the team's mascot, and often incorporated it into the logo or sleeve patches. During the team's 1970s heyday, management often referred to the team as The Swingin' A's, referencing both their prodigious power and to connect the team with the growing disco culture.

One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the club was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1901 as the Philadelphia Athletics. The team had some prominent success in Philadelphia, winning three of four World Series from 1910 to 1914 (the "First Dynasty") and two in a row in 1929 and 1930 (the "Second Dynasty"). The team's owner and manager for its first 50 years was Connie Mack, and its Hall-of-Fame players included Chief Bender, Frank "Home Run" Baker, Jimmie Foxx and Lefty Grove. After two decades of decline, however, the team left Philadelphia for Kansas City in 1955 and became the Kansas City Athletics. After 13 mostly uneventful seasons in the Midwest, the team moved to Oakland in 1968. There a "Third Dynasty" soon emerged, with three World Championships in a row from 1972 to 1974 led by players including Catfish Hunter and Reggie Jackson, and colorful owner Charlie O. Finley. Finally, a "Fourth Dynasty" won three consecutive pennants and the 1989 World Series behind Mark McGwire, Jose Canseco and Dennis Eckersley. In more recent years, the A's have often been playoff contenders but have not returned to the World Series since 1990. In 2002, the A's won 20 games in a row which broke a MLB record, as shown in the film Moneyball.


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