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US State
NicknameKeystone State; Quaker State;
Coal State; Oil State; State of Independence
MottoVirtue, Liberty and Independence
Official languagesNone (English, de facto)
Spoken languagesEnglish 91.6%
Spanish 3.1%
Pennsylvania Dutch
Largest cityPhiladelphia
Largest metro areaDelaware Valley
Area Ranked33rd
Total46055 sq mi 119283 km2
Width280 mi 455 km
Length160 mi 255 km
% water2.7
Pop. Rank6th
Density283.9 /sq mi 109.6 /km2
Median incomeUS$48,562 (26th)
Highest pointMount Davis
3213 ft 979 m
Mean1099 ft 335 m
Lowest pointDelaware River
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 12, 1787 (2nd)
GovernorTom Corbett (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJim Cawley (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseState Senate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsBob Casey, Jr. (D)
Pat Toomey (R)
U.S. House delegation12 Republicans, 7 Democrats
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

     Home | State | Pennsylvania

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania c-enaudio=en-us-Pennsylvania.oggˌpɛnsɨlˈveɪnjə is a U.S. state that is located in the Northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The state borders Delaware and Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, New York and Ontario, Canada, to the north, and New Jersey to the east. The state's four most populous cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, and Erie. The state capital is Harrisburg.

Pennsylvania has 51 mi (82.1 km) of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 mi (91.7 km) of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. As of the 2000, and 2010 census, Pennsylvania has one of the largest European American populations and a strong African American population.

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