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Baseball

Baseball
The baseball diamond at Wrigley Field, Chicago
Sport
First playedMid-18th century or prior, England (early form)
June 19, 1846, Hoboken, New Jersey (first recorded game with codified rules)
Characteristics
Team members9
CategorizationBat-and-ball
EquipmentBaseball
Baseball bat
Baseball glove
Olympic1992 2008

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Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The goal is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot square, or diamond. Players on one team (the batting team) take turns hitting against the pitcher of the other team (the fielding team), which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways. A player on the batting team can stop at any of the bases and later advance via a teammate's hit or other means. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. One turn at bat for each team constitutes an inning and nine innings make up a professional game. The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.

Evolving from older bat-and-ball games, an early form of baseball was being played in England by the mid-eighteenth century. This game and the related rounders were brought by British and Irish immigrants to North America, where the modern version of baseball developed. By the late nineteenth century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball on the professional, amateur, and youth levels is now popular in North America, parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, and parts of East Asia. The game is sometimes referred to as hardball, in contrast to the derivative game of softball.

In North America, professional Major League Baseball (MLB) teams are divided into the National League (NL) and American League (AL). Each league has three divisions: East, West, and Central. Every year, the major league champion is determined by playoffs that culminate in the World Series. Four teams make the playoffs from each league: the three regular season division winners, plus one wild card team. Baseball is the leading team sport in both Japan and Cuba, and the top level of play is similarly split between two leagues: Japan's Central League and Pacific League; Cuba's West League and East League. In the National and Central leagues, the pitcher is required to bat, per the traditional rules. In the American, Pacific, and both Cuban leagues, there is a tenth player, a designated hitter, who bats for the pitcher. Each top-level team has a farm system of one or more minor league teams. These teams allow younger players to develop as they gain on-field experience against opponents with similar levels of skill.

Baseball Video

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A 3D Animation of the ANGRY BIRDS as SUPER HEROES trying to get the pigs. Spiderman Batman Superman SpiderBird BatBird SuperBird & the mighty eagle. Have fun...
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Latest News : Baseball : Tweet this RSS

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How a second wild card would have altered Mariners baseball history - The Seattle Times Tweet this news
The Seattle Times--The Mariners could have doubled their postseason appearances if -baseball- had added another wild card in each league back in 1995. And, then, who knows? I'd imagine that we are the only team in -baseball- that would have had an. . - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 03:03:29 GMT+00:00
Fans stunned by the dark days of Dodgers baseball - Delmarva Daily Times Tweet this news
Delmarva Daily Times--The Dodgers, the storied franchise that integrated the sport with Jackie Robinson and pioneered -baseball's- move to the West, had become so ineptly run that Major League -Baseball- took over day-to-day control. The fans, meanwh - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 08:43:48 GMT+00:00
Tinkering with MLB still risky - Times Record News Tweet this news
Times Record News--Bud Selig's saving grace from his steroid-stained tenure as the commissioner of Major League -Baseball- is that he instituted the popular wild-card format. Now as Selig's days on the job are winding down he has mentioned bef - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 05:14:36 GMT+00:00
Prince Fielder hopes Brewers save some money for him / Baseball Notebook - The Seattle Times Tweet this news
The Seattle Times--I'm happy about it and ready to play -baseball-." Fielder, who turns 27 next month, is making $15.5 million this year. He has 195 career home runs. MIAMI Florida's Anibal Sanchez held Colorado hitless until Dexter F - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 04:24:57 GMT+00:00
BASEBALL: Lee keys San Dimas win - San Gabriel Valley Tribune Tweet this news
San Gabriel Valley Tribune--San Dimas Saints' Matt Lee, center, high fives teammates after hitting a grand slam against the Covina Colts in the first inning of a prep -baseball- game at San Dimas High School in San Dimas,Calif., on Friday, April 22, - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 09:44:56 GMT+00:00
MLB: Blacks in Baseball Down To 8.5 Percent, My Thoughts - Bleacher Report Tweet this news
Bleacher Report--The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sports at the University of Central Florida has released its annual report on the diversity of Major League -Baseball-. According to an article on ESPN.com, the report lists the percentage of blac - Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2011 01:17:28 GMT+00:00
High & Inside: Baseball Notes | Philadelphia Inquirer | 2011-04-22 - Philadelphia Inquirer Tweet this news
Philadelphia Inquirer--After the booing, when reminded that Cardinals fans have the reputation as the best in -baseball-, Franklin sarcastically replied, "Yeah, right." Later, after meeting with team officials, Franklin, shown at left, s - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 07:05:08 GMT+00:00
Clemens' lawyer says accuser lying about steroids - Reuters Tweet this news
Reuters--Former star MLB -baseball- pitcher Roger Clemens departs the federal courthouse after his arraignment on charges of lying to Congress about use of performance enhancing drugs in Washington, August 30, 2010. By Jeremy Pelofsky WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 22:53:55 GMT+00:00
LSU baseball team faces tough test in No. 4 Vanderbilt - NOLA.com Tweet this news
NOLA.com--By David Helman, The Times-Picayune BATON ROUGE -- While the LSU -baseball- team tries to gain momentum this weekend, it will be leaving a big part of the season behind. LSU (24-14, 4-11 SEC) hits the road to face No. 4 Vanderbilt (32-5, 11-4) i - Date : Fri, 22 Apr 2011 09:59:40 GMT+00:00
The percentage of US-born blacks in baseball drops again - msnbc.com Tweet this news
msnbc.com--The percentage of Latino players dropped from 28.4 percent to 27 percent - -baseball's- lowest since 1999′s 26 percent. “This has been a concern of Major League -Baseball- and leaders in the African-American community,” Lapchick said - Date : Thu, 21 Apr 2011 17:02:02 GMT+00:00

Professional baseball leagues

Major
American League * National League
Minor
Triple-A: International League * Pacific Coast League * Mexican League
Double-A: Eastern League * Southern League * Texas League
Class A Advanced: California League * Carolina League * Florida State League *
Class A: Midwest League * South Atlantic League *
Class A Short-Season: New York Penn League * Northwest League
Rookie: Appalachian League * Arizona League * Dominican Summer League * Gulf Coast League * Pioneer League * Venezuelan Summer League
Independent
American Association * Atlantic League * Can-Am League * Continental Baseball League * Frontier League * Golden Baseball League * Northern League * United League Baseball |Defunct |Major: National Association * American Association * Union Association * Players' League * Federal League * Negro Leagues * All-American Girls Professional Baseball League * Continental League * Cuban League * National Association of Base Ball Players *
Winter: Florida * Hawaii * Texas |
Winter
Affiliated: Arizona * Dominican Republic * Mexico * Venezuela
Independent: Arizona * California * Colombia * Nicaragua * Puerto Rico * Veracruz
Defunct
Major: National Association * American Association * Union Association * Players' League * Federal League * Negro Leagues * All-American Girls Professional Baseball League * Continental League * Cuban League * National Association of Base Ball Players *
Winter: Florida * Hawaii * Texas |
Japan
Nippon Professional Baseball: Central League * Pacific League *
Minor: Western League * Eastern League *
Independent: Shikoku-Kyūshū Island League * Baseball Challenge League * Kansai Independent Baseball League
Other
South Korea: Korea Professional Baseball (major) * Korea Baseball Future's League (minor)
Taiwan: Chinese Professional Baseball League
China: China Baseball League
Philippines: Baseball Philippines
Defunct
Japanese Baseball League * Taiwan Major League * Israel Baseball League |
Current
Division Élite (France) * Bundesliga (Germany) * Irish Baseball League (Ireland) * Italian Baseball League (Italy) * Honkbal Hoofdklasse (Netherlands) * División de Honor de Béisbol (Spain) * Elitserien (Sweden) * National League (United Kingdom) |
Australia
Claxton Shield
Defunct
Australian Baseball League * International Baseball League of Australia

World Baseball Classic

2006 * 2009

Baseball at the Summer Olympics

1912* * 1920 1932 * 1936* * 1948 * 1952* * 1956* * 1960 * 1964* * 1968 1980 * 1984* * 1988* * 1992 * 1996 * 2000 * 2004 * 2008
* Demonstration sports at these Games

International Baseball

Major World EventsWorld Baseball Classic * Men's World Cup * Women's World Cup
Minor World EventsIntercontinental Cup * Haarlem Baseball Week * World Port Tournament * University * Junior (under 18) * Youth (under 16)
Defunct World EventsUniversiade * Women's Baseball World Series * Olympics
Africa African Baseball & Softball Association - All-Africa Games
Americas Pan American Baseball Confederation - Pan American Games * America Cup * Caribbean Series * Central American and Caribbean Games
Asia Baseball Federation of Asia - Asia Series * Asian Championship * Asian Games * Junior (under 18) * Southeast Asian Games
Europe Confederation of European Baseball - European Championship * European Cup * "Final Four" * Under-21 * Junior (under 18) * Youth (under 16) * Juveniles (under 12)
Oceania Baseball Confederation of Oceania - Oceania Championship * South Pacific Games



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