AskBiography Logo   Latest News  Follow Us on Twitter  Follow Us on Google Buzz  Became Fan - Facebook  Subscribe to RSSRSS   Bookmark and Share

Suez Canal

Suez Canal, as seen from Earth orbit
NameSuez Canal
Image Size180px
CaptionSuez Canal, as seen from Earth orbit
CompanySuez Canal Company (Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez)
Date ConstApril 1859
Date CompNovember 1869
NavSuez Canal Authority

     Home | canal | Suez Canal

The Suez Canal ( ), also known by the nickname "The Highway to India", is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Opened in November 1869 after 10 years of construction work, it allows water transportation between Europe and Asia without navigation around Africa. The northern terminus is Port Said and the southern terminus is Port Tawfik at the city of Suez. Ismailia lies on its west bank, 3 km (1.9 mi) north of the half-way point.

When first built, the canal was 164 km (101.9 mi) long and 8 m (26.2 ft) deep. After multiple enlargements, the canal is 193.30 km (120.1 mi) long, 24 m (78.7 ft) deep and 205 m (672.6 ft) wide as of 2010. It consists of the northern access channel of 22 km (13.7 mi), the canal itself of 162.25 km (100.8 mi) and of the southern access channel of 9 km (5.6 mi).

It is single-lane with passing places in Ballah By-Pass and in the Great Bitter Lake. It contains no locks; seawater flows freely through the canal. In general, the Canal north of the Bitter Lakes flows north in winter and south in summer. The current south of the lakes changes with the tide at Suez.

The canal is owned and maintained by the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Under international treaty, it may be used "in time of war as in time of peace, by every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag."

Warning: simplexml_load_file( [function.simplexml-load-file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.0 410 Gone in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Warning: simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "" in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 257

Fatal error: Call to a member function children() on a non-object in /home/askbio/public_html/index_bio.php on line 260