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Hosni Mubarak

Mubarak in 2009
Personal data
Date of birth4 May 1928(age 88)
Place of birthKafr-El Meselha, Egypt
Birth nameMuhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak
Political partyNational Democratic Party
SpouseSuzanne Mubarak (1959 � present)
Alma mater 
ReligionSunni Islam
Military service
Service/branchEgyptian Air Force
RankAir Chief Marshal
CommandsCairo West Air Base
Beni Suef Air Base
Egyptian Air Academy
Egyptian Air Force
4th President of Egypt
In office14 October 1981 - 11 February 2011
PresidentOmar Suleiman
Prime minister 
Vice PresidentOmar Suleiman
Succeeded byMohamed Hussein Tantawi 
Preceded bySufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Prime Minister of Egypt
In office7 October 1981 - 2 January 1982
Succeeded byAhmad Fuad Mohieddin
Preceded byAnwar El Sadat
15th Vice President of Egypt
In office16 April 1975 - 14 October 1981
PresidentAnwar El Sadat
Succeeded byOmar Suleiman 
Preceded byHussein el-Shafei
Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement
In office16 July 2009 - 11 February 2011
Succeeded byTBD
Preceded byRaúl Castro

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Muhammad Hosni Sayyid Mubarak ( , -arzmæˈħæmmæd ˈħosni ˈsæjjed moˈbɑːɾˤɑk, ; born 4 May 1928) is a former Egyptian politician and military commander. He served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011.

Mubarak was appointed Vice President of Egypt in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. The length of his presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha. Before he entered politics, Mubarak was a career officer in the Egyptian Air Force, serving as its commander from 1972 to 1975 and rising to the rank of air chief marshal.

Mubarak was ousted after 18 days of demonstrations during the 2011 Egyptian revolution when, on 11 February, Vice President Omar Suleiman announced that Mubarak had resigned as president and transferred authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. On 13 April, a prosecutor ordered Mubarak and both his sons to be detained for 15 days of questioning about allegations of corruption and abuse of power. He was then ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors during the revolution. These trials officially began on the 3 August 2011. Egypt’s military prosecutors then also proclaimed that it is investigating Mubarak's role in the assassination of his predecessor Anwar Sadat.

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