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La Belle Province
FlagFlag of Quebec.svg|border
CoatOfArmsCoat of arms of Québec.svg
Label Mapno
MottoJe me souviens
( )
FlowerBlue Flag Iris
TreeYellow Birch
BirdSnowy Owl
CapitalQuebec City
LargestMetroGreater Montreal
PremierJean Charest
ViceroyPierre Duchesne
LegislatureQuebec National Assembly
PostalCodePrefixG, H, J
TotalArea Km21542056
LandArea Km21365128
WaterArea Km2176928
Population8,008,000 (est.)
Density Km25.63
GDP Year2009
GDP TotalC$303,747 billion
GDP Rank2nd
GDP Per CapitaC$37,278
GDP Per Capita Rank10th
AdmittanceOrder1st, with Ont., N.S., N.B.
AdmittanceDateJuly 1, 1867
NationaldayJune 24
TimeZoneUTC−5, −4

     Home | State | Quebec

Quebec c-enkwɨˈbɛk or c-enkəˈbɛk ( -frkebɛkFR-Québec is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level.

Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario, James Bay and Hudson Bay, to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay, to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador and New Brunswick. It is bordered on the south by the US states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia.

Quebec is Canada's second most populous province, after Ontario. Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. English-speaking communities and English-language institutions are concentrated in the west of the island of Montreal but are also significantly present in the Outaouais, Eastern Townships, and Gaspé regions. The Nord-du-Québec region, occupying the northern half of the province, is sparsely populated and inhabited primarily by Aboriginal peoples.

Sovereignty plays a large role in the politics of Quebec, and the official opposition social democratic Parti Québécois advocates national sovereignty for the province and secession from Canada. Sovereignist governments have held referendums on independence in 1980 and 1995; both were voted down by voters, the latter defeated by a very narrow margin. In 2006, the Canadian House of Commons passed a symbolic motion, the Québécois nation motion, recognizing the "Québécois as a nation within a united Canada."

While the province's substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles. These many industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become the second most economically influential province, second only to Ontario.

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