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Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island
NamePrince Edward Island
AlternateNameÎle-du-Prince-Édouard (French)
Fullname|FlagFlag of Prince Edward Island.svg
CoatOfArmsCoat of Arms of Prince Edward Island.png
Label Mapno
Motto 
(The small protected by the great)
OfficialLangEnglish (de facto)|Demonym=Prince Edward Islander, Islander
FlowerPink Lady's Slipper
TreeRed Oak
BirdBlue Jay
CapitalCharlottetown
LargestCityCharlottetown
LargestMetroCharlottetown
PremierRobert Ghiz
PremierPartyLiberal
ViceroyFrank Lewis
ViceroyTypeLieutenant Governor
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
PostalAbbreviationPE
PostalCodePrefixC
AreaRank13th
TotalArea Km25683.91
LandArea Km25683.56
WaterArea Km20
PercentWater0
PopulationRank10th
Population141,551 (est.)
PopulationYear2009
DensityRank1st
Density Km223.9
GDP Year2009
GDP TotalC$4.75 billion
GDP Rank10th
GDP Per CapitaC$31,278
GDP Per Capita Rank13th
AdmittanceOrder8th
AdmittanceDateJuly 1, 1873
TimeZoneUTC-4
HouseSeats4
SenateSeats4
ISOCodeCA-PE
Websitewww.gov.pe.ca

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Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.; , -fril dy pʁɛ̃s edwaːʁpron, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean a' Phrionnsa) is a Canadian province consisting of an island of the same name, as well as other islands. The maritime province is the smallest in the nation in both land area and population (excluding the territories). The island has a few other names: "Garden of the Gulf" referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did not join the confederation itself until 1873 when it became the seventh Canadian province.

According to the 2009 estimates, Prince Edward Island has 141,000 residents. It is located in a rectangle defined roughly by 46° 47°N, and 62° 64°30′W and at 5683.91 km2 (2194.6 sqmi) in size, it is the 104th largest island in the world, and Canada's 23rd largest island.

The island was named for Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (1767 1820), the fourth son of King George III and the father of Queen Victoria.


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