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Vermont

Vermont
US State
NicknameThe Green Mountain State
MottoFreedom and Unity
Official languagesEnglish
DemonymVermonter
CapitalMontpelier
Largest cityBurlington
Area
Area Ranked45th
Total9620 sq mi 24923 km2
Width80 mi 130 km
Length160 mi 260 km
% water4.1
Population
Pop. Rank49th
Total(2010) 625,741
Density65.8 /sq mi 25.9 /km2
Median income$52,104 (20th)
Elevation
Highest pointMt. Mansfield
4395 ft 1340 m
Mean1000 ft 300 m
Other information
Admission to UnionMarch 4, 1791 (14th)
GovernorPeter Shumlin (D)
Lieutenant GovernorPhillip Scott (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatrick Leahy (D)
Bernie Sanders (I)
U.S. House delegationPeter Welch (D)
Timezone
Time zoneEastern: UTC 5/−4

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Vermont c-enaudio=en-us-Vermont.oggvər.mɒntˈ is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state ranks 43rd in land area, 9250 sqmi (23957.4 km2), and 45th in total area. Its population according to the 2010 census, 630,337, is the second smallest in the country, larger only than Wyoming. It is the only New England state not bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Lake Champlain forms half of Vermont's western border, which it shares with the state of New York. The Green Mountains are within the state. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.

Originally inhabited by two major Native American tribes (the Algonquian-speaking Abenaki and the Iroquois), much of the territory that is now Vermont was claimed by France in the early colonial period. France ceded the territory to the Kingdom of Great Britain after being defeated in 1763 in the Seven Years' War (also called the French and Indian War). For many years, the nearby colonies, especially New Hampshire and New York, disputed control of the area (then called the New Hampshire Grants). Settlers who held land titles granted by these colonies were opposed by the Green Mountain Boys militia, which eventually prevailed in creating an independent state, the Vermont Republic. Founded in 1777, during the Revolutionary War, it lasted for fourteen years. Vermont is one of seventeen U.S. states (along with Texas, Hawaii, the brief California Republic, and each of the original Thirteen Colonies) that each once had a sovereign government. In 1791, Vermont joined the United States as the fourteenth state, the first outside the original Thirteen Colonies. It abolished slavery while independent and upon joining the Union became the first state to have done so.

Vermont is the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States. The state capital is Montpelier, which with 7,705 people is the least-populated state capital in the country. Its most populous city is Burlington, which has a metro population of 211,261 residents.


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