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New Hampshire

New Hampshire
US State
NicknameThe Granite State
MottoLive Free or Die
Official languagesEnglish
DemonymGranite Stater, New Hampshirite
Largest cityManchester
Largest metro areaGreater Manchester
Area Ranked46th
Total9,304 nh sq mi 24217 km2
Width68 mi 110 km
Length190 mi 305 km
% water4.1
Pop. Rank42nd
Total1,316,470 (2010 census)
1,235,786 (2000)
Density146.8 /sq mi 56.68 /km2
Median income$60,441 (6th)
Highest pointMt. Washington
6288 ft 1917 m
Mean1000 ft 305 m
Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
0 ft 0 m
Other information
Admission to UnionJune 21, 1788 (9th)
GovernorJohn Lynch (D)
Lieutenant GovernorPeter Bragdon (R)
LegislatureGeneral Court
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJeanne Shaheen (D)
Kelly Ayotte (R)
U.S. House delegation1: Frank Guinta (R)
2: Charles Bass (R)
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4

     Home | State | New Hampshire

New Hampshire c-enaudio=en-us-New Hampshire.oggnuːˈhæmpʃər is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire ranks 44th in land area, 46th in total area of the 50 states, and 42nd in population.

It became the first post-colonial sovereign nation in the Americas when it broke off from Great Britain in January 1776, and was one of the original thirteen states that founded the United States of America six months later. In June 1788, it became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. New Hampshire was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution.

It is known internationally for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city in the state. It has no general sales tax, nor is personal income (other than interest and dividends) taxed at either the state or local level.

Its license plates carry the state motto: "Live Free or Die". The state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its geology and its tradition of self-sufficiency.

Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, and author Dan Brown. New Hampshire has produced one president: Franklin Pierce.

With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach near Laconia in June. The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, and boasts the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6288 ft (1916.6 m) Mount Washington.

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