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Curitiba

Curitiba
Administration
Full nameCuritiba
Official nameThe Municipality of Curitiba
Settlement typeMunicipality
Motto'A Cidade da Gente' (Our City)
CountryBrazil
RegionSouth
StateParaná
Founded29 March 1693
Incorporated1842
Government
MayorLuciano Ducci (PSB)
Geography
Total Area166.4 sq mi (431 km2)
Metro Area5952 sq mi (15415.7 km2)
Elevation3066.3 ft (934.6 m)
Demography
Total Population1,746,896 (8th) (2009)
Density (pop.)4061.9/km2 (10523/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)3168980
Other information
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
CEP80000-000 to 82999-999
Area code+55 41

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Curitiba (Tupi: "Pine Nut Land" , -ptkuɾiˈtibɐ or [kuɾiˈtʃibɐ]) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Paraná. It is the largest city with the biggest economy of both Paraná and southern Brazil. The population of Curitiba numbers approximately 1.75 million people (8th largest nationwide) and the latest GDP figures for the city surpass US$61 billion (ranking 4th nationwide) according to IBGE (2008). Its metropolitan area comprises 26 municipalities with a total population of over 3.2 million (IBGE estimate in 2006).

Curitiba is an important cultural, political and economic centre in the country. The city sits on a plateau at 932 m (3057.7 ft) above sea level. It is located 105 km (65.2 mi) west of the sea port of Paranaguá and is served by the Afonso Pena International and Bacacheri airports. The city hosts the Federal University of Paraná, established in 1912, one year before electric streetcars were first deployed.

Curitiba's rapid expansion was based on the cattle trade, the city being located half-way between the cattle breeding country to the south and the markets to the north. Waves of European immigrants started arriving after 1850, mainly Germans, Italians, Poles and Ukrainians, contributing to the economic and cultural development of the city. Nowadays, only smaller numbers of foreign immigrants arrive, mainly from Middle Eastern and South American countries, but there is a substantial inward flow of Brazilians from other states of the country (approximately half the population of Curitiba was not born in the city).

In 2010 Curitiba was awarded the Globe Sustainable City Award which was set up to recognize cities and municipalities which excel in sustainable urban development around the world. According to the American magazine Reader's Digest, Curitiba is the best place to live in Brazil.


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