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Mato Grosso

Mato Grosso
Full nameState of Mato Grosso
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CityCuiabá
GovernorSilval da Cunha Barbosa
Total Area348695.8 sq mi (903357 km2)
Area rank3rd
Total Population3033991 (19th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (25th) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 35,284,000,000 (15th)
Per capitaR$ 12,350 (8th)
Category0.801 - medium (11th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT-1 (UTC-4)
- Summer (DST)BRST-1 (UTC-3)
Postal Code78000-000 to 78890-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MT

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Mato Grosso (-ptˈmatu ˈɡɾosu lit. "Thick Bushes") is one of the states of Brazil, the third largest in area, located in the western part of the country.

Neighboring states are (from west clockwise) Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. It also borders Bolivia to the southwest. A state with a flat landscape, alternating great chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso presents three different ecosystems: Cerrado, Pantanal and the Amazon Rainforest. The vegetation of the open pasture covers 40% of the state and the Chapada dos Guimarães National Park, with its caves, grottos, tracks and waterfalls, is one of its great tourist attractions. In the north is the Amazonian forest, with a biodiversity covering half of the state. The Xingu National Park and the Araguaia River are in Mato Grosso. Further south, the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland, is the habitat for almost a thousand species of animals, with many aquatic birds.

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