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Mato Grosso do Sul

Mato Grosso do Sul
Full nameState of Mato Grosso do Sul
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CityCampo Grande
GovernorAndré Puccinelli
Vice GovernorMurilo Zauith
Total Area137850.2 sq mi (357124.962 km2)
Area rank6th
Total Population2449341 (21st) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (20th) (0/sq mi)
DemonymSul-mato-grossense or Mato-grossense-do-sul
Year2010 estimate
TotalR$ 38.484,74 (17th)
Per capitaR$ 10,599 (11th)
Category0.810 - high (8th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT-1 (UTC-4)
- Summer (DST)BRST-1 (UTC-3)
Postal Code79000-000 to 79990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MS

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Mato Grosso do Sul (-ptˈmatu ˈɡɾosu du ˈsuɫ) is one of the states of Brazil.

Neighboring Brazilian states are (from north clockwise) Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay and Bolivia to the west. The economy of the state is largely based on agriculture and cattle-raising. Bisected in the south by the Tropic of Capricorn, Mato Grosso do Sul generally has a warm and humid climate, and is crossed by numerous affluents of the Parana River.

The state is also famous for its natural beauty and is a major destination for domestic and international tourism. The Pantanal lowlands cover 12 municipalities and presents an enormous variety of flora and fauna, with forests, natural sand banks, savannahs, open pasture, fields and bushes. The city Bonito, in the mountain of Bodoquena, has prehistoric caverns, natural rivers, waterfalls, swimming pools and the Blue Lake cavern.

The name "Mato Grosso do Sul" literally means "Thick Forest of the South" in Portuguese, a name inherited from its northern neighbour state of Mato Grosso, of which it was part until the 1970s. It is not uncommon for people to mistakenly refer to Mato Grosso do Sul as simply "Mato Grosso". Other names that were proposed, at the time of the split and afterwards, include "Pantanal" (a reference to its best known geographical feature) and "Maracaju" (a reference to the Maracaju mountain range that crosses the state from north to south).

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