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Full nameState of Bahia
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Motto"Per ardua surgo"
Capital and largest citySalvador
GovernorJaques Wagner
Vice GovernorEdmundo Pereira Santos
Total Area217971.1 sq mi (564692 km2)
Area rank5th
Total Population14021432 (4th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (12th) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 96,559,000,000 (6th)
Per capitaR$ 6,922 (19th)
Category0.742 - medium (19th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal code40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-BA

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Bahia (-ptbaˈi.ɐ) is one of the 26 states of Brazil, and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the fourth most populous Brazilian state after São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, and the fifth-largest in size. Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador, or more properly, São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos, and is located at the junction of the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of All Saints, first seen by European sailors in 1501. The name "bahia" is an archaic spelling of the Portuguese word baía, meaning "bay".

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